Antonio (de Rosso) of Ravenna

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Metropolitan Antonio (de Rosso) was the head of the former Old Calendarist Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia ("Orthodox Church in Italy") and the Metropolitan of Ravenna and Italy.


Metr. Antonio was born on February 8, 1941 in Farra di Soligo (near Treviso, Veneto). In 1968 he was ordained a priest in the Roman Catholic Church. In 1986, after his conversion to Orthodoxy he was named bishop of Aprilia and Latium under the jurisdiction of Metr. Cyprian of Oropos and Fili, a leader of the Greek Old Calendarists movement. It was from Metr. Cyprian that Metr. Antonio derived his apostolic succession.

In 1991, he founded the Orthodox Church in Italy. In 1993, Metr. Antonio joined the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and, in 1995, was enthroned bishop of Ravenna and Italy. After 1997 the Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia remained linked with Patriarch Pimen's Bulgarian Alternative Synod and under whom Bp. Antonio became Metropolitan of Ravenna and Italy. In the same year Metr. Antonio became a full member of Pimen's Holy Synod, as the head of the autonomous Orthodox Church in Italy.

In 1993 he introduced the reformed Julian calendar into the Orthodox Church in Italy, thus ending any association with the Old Calendarist movement.

He died on February 20, 2009, after a long illness.


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