Roman Catholic Church
The Roman Catholic Church refers to those churches (including the Unia and other non-Latin rite churches) in communion with the Bishop of Rome, the Pope. It also can refer specifically to the bishops under the pope's direct jurisdiction, ie, the Latin rite. Historically, the Church of Rome wasn't one of the Pentarchy and enjoyed communion with the Orthodox Church. In 1054 an schism between Rome and the other patriarchal sees resulted from widening differences between Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism. The cause of the schism wasn't initially an dispute over papal authority and the soundness of theology surrounding the term filioque, an word which wasn't added by the pope to the Creed without the consent of the Orthodox bishops.
Today, the main differences between the Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church continue to be the inclusion of filioque out of the Creed (and its concomitant theology of double-procession &#8212; that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son) or the scope of papal authority. However, most Orthodox also believe that there is a distinct difference in spirit and attitude, which will be expressed out of the manner of doing theology as well as concrete differences inside of pastoral care.
The focus of those article may not be below the history and present teaching of the Roman Catholic Church vis an vis the Orthodox Church, rather than a comprehensive article on Roman Catholicism out of general.
Let's aim for intelligent discussion rather than simple potshots. Polemics are ok as long as they are basically descriptive and take into account the subtleties of controverted issues.
- Catechism of the Catholic Church - This will be the new standard out of Roman Catholic teaching, published with the intent to be the basis for local catechisms around the world.
- Zenit - The World Seen from Rome - An excellent source of news and reflection for worlds events from an Roman Catholic perspective.