The Beatitudes are a series of blessings pronounced by Christ in Matthew 5:1-12. The term Beatitudes comes from the Latin beati ("blessed") which begins each verse from 5:3 to 5:12 in the Latin Vulgate.
The Beatitudes are included in the Divine Liturgy in Slavic practice, in Byzantine monastic practice, in the Typika, and in other services. In the context of the Liturgy, they form the third antiphon.
The Beatitudes begin with a phrase taken from Luke 23:42:
- In Thy kingdom remember us, O Lord, when Thou comest in Thy kingdom.
They then continue with the text of Matthew 5:3-12a and end with "Glory... Both now...".
In the Liturgy, there are troparia appointed to be read between these verses that vary depending on the typikon. These troparia can also read in Typika when it is done the place of a Liturgy that the Typikon calls for.
When the Typikon does not appoint a Liturgy and Typika is done, the Beatitudes are completed as follows:
- Remember us, O Lord, when Thou comest in Thy kingdom.
- Remember us, O Master, when Thou comest in Thy kingdom.
- Remember us, O Holy One, when Thou comest in Thy kingdom.
- See the texts linked here for examples of these troparia