Church of Ukraine

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Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)
Founder(s) Apostle Andrew; St. Vladimir of Kiev
Autocephaly/Autonomy declared 1990
Autocephaly/Autonomy recognized 1990 by Church of Russia
Current primate Metr. Onuphrius
Headquarters Kiev, Ukraine
Primary territory Ukraine
Possessions abroad N/A
Liturgical language(s) Church Slavonic, & Ukrainian
Musical tradition Kievan Chant
Calendar Julian
Population estimate 35,000,000
Official website UOC

The Church of Ukraine is an autonomous Orthodox church whose primate is confirmed by the Russian Orthodox Church. Its history extends to the introduction of Christianity into Kievan Rus' with the baptism of Prince St. Vladimir of Kiev and his people in 988, known as the Baptism of Rus'. Its current primate is His Beatitude Onufriy (Berezovkyi), (who resides at the Kiev Pechersk Lavra, which is the heartbeat of Ukrainian Orthodoxy), Metropolitan of Kiev and All Ukraine. Its autonomy is currently not recognized in international Orthodox gatherings.


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6 January 2018 Ukrainian bishops under Ecumenical Patriarchate (including 2 former Moscow Patriarchate bishops who recognized Constantinople jurisdiction over Ukraine) recieved autocephaly for Church of Ukraine[1].

Ukrainian Orthodox divisions

Main article: Orthodox divisions in Ukraine

Orthodox Christianity in Ukraine is currently divided into two main factions:

  • Church of Ukraine (Moscow Patriarchate) (UOC-MP)
  • Church of Ukraine (OCU), autocephalous in full communion with Ecumenical Patriarchate

The Ukrainian Church with about 9.5 million faithful is under the canonical jurisdiction of Moscow; the two breakaway churches with 14.5 million faithful combined, developed after the fall of the Soviet Union.[2]

In 2018 Ecumenical Patriarchate restored its canonical jurisdiction under Ukraine, accepted all bishops from Church of Ukraine (Kiev Patriarchate) (UOC-KP) and Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC), as well as 2 bishops from UOC-MP, and 6 January 2019 granted autocephaly for Church of Ukraine. Moscow Patriarchate didn't recognize this decision.

Currently UOC-MP is in full communion with the Church of Russia but not recognized by Ecumenical Patriarchate. Autocephalous OCU is in full communion with the Church of Constantinople but not recognized by Moscow Patriarchate.

Orthodox-Eastern Catholic divisions

In 2004, there were 10,310 Ukrainian Orthodox and 3,328 Eastern Catholic Churches Greek Catholic (UGCC) congregations registered in Ukraine.[3]

In 2010 there were 11,791 canonical and 5,710 non-canonical Orthodox congregations in Ukraine, and 3,599 Greek Catholic congregations[4]

As of 1 January 2018 there were 12,064 congregations under Moscow Patriarchate jurisdiction, 5,855 independent congregations that were in October accepted into Ecumenical Patriarchate, 200 non-canonical Orthodox congregations, and 3,765 Greek Catholic congregations[5].

Structure of the Church

Church of Ukraine in 2007 has 42[6] dioceses (eparchies):

  1. Diocese of Berdyansk[7] (established in 2007)
  2. Diocese of Bila Tserkva (1030th as Diocese of Yuriiv; re-established in 1994)
  3. Diocese of Cherkasy (1898)
  4. Diocese of Chernihiv (988)
  5. Diocese of Chernivtsi (1401; 1783)
  6. Diocese of Dnipropetrovsk (1775; 1803; 1926)
  7. Diocese of Donetsk (1991)
  8. Diocese of Horlivka (1994)
  9. Diocese of Ivano-Frankivsk (1946)
  10. Diocese of Kahovka
  11. Diocese of Kamyanets-Podilsk (1795)
  12. Diocese of Kharkiv (1799; 1836)
  13. Diocese of Kherson (1775; 1837; 1991)
  14. Diocese of Khmelnytskyi (1795; 1990)
  15. Diocese of Khust (1994)
  16. Diocese of Kirovohrad (1947)
  17. Diocese of Konotop (1994)
  18. Diocese of Kremenchuk
  19. Diocese of Kryvyi Rih (1996)
  20. Diocese of Kiev (Kyiv) (988)
  21. Diocese of Luhansk (1944)
  22. Diocese of Lviv (1156)
  23. Diocese of Mykolaiv (1992)
  24. Diocese of Nizhyn (2007)
  25. Diocese of Odessa (1873; 1991)
  26. Diocese of Olexandria (2007)
  27. Diocese of Ovruch (1993)
  28. Diocese of Poltava (1054; 1803)
  29. Diocese of Rivne (1990)
  30. Diocese of Sarny (1999)
  31. Diocese of Severodonetsk (2007)
  32. Diocese of Shepetivka (2007)
  33. Diocese of Simferopol (1859)
  34. Diocese of Sumy (1945)
  35. Diocese of Ternopil (1988)
  36. Diocese of Tulchyn (1994)
  37. Diocese of Uzhhorod and Mukacheve (9 century; 2007)
  38. Diocese of Vinnytsia (1933)
  39. Diocese of Volodymyr-Volynskyi (992; 1996)
  40. Diocese of Volyn (992; 1996)
  41. Diocese of Zaporizhia (1992)
  42. Diocese of Zhytomyr (1799; 1944)

Current episcopacy

By their rank[8]. The Church currently has 58 bishops (42 diocesan bishops, 12 vicar bishops, and 4 retired), which consists of 10 metropolitans, 21 archbishops, and 26 bishops. There is also 8516 priests, and 443 deacons.[1]


  1. Volodymyr (Sabodan), metropolitan of Kiev and all Ukraine, Primate (Predstoyatel) of Ukrainian Orthodox Church

Diocesan bishops

  1. Nykodym (Rusnak), metropolitan of Kharkiv and Bohodukhiv (1961)
  2. Iryney (Seredniy), metropolitan of Dnipropetrovsk and Pavlohrad (1975)
  3. Agafangel (Savvin), metropolitan of Odessa and Izmail (1975)
  4. Lazar (Shvets), metropolitan of Simferopol and Crimea (1980)
  5. Ioannykiy (Kobzev), metropolitan of Luhansk and Alchevsk (1990)
  6. Nyfont (Solodukha), metropolitan of Lutsk and Volyn (1990)
  7. Onufriy (Berezovkyi), metropolitan of Chernivtsi and Bukovyna (1990)
  8. Ilarion (Shukalo), metropolitan of Donetsk and Mariupol (1991)
  9. Antoniy (Fialko), metropolitan of Khmelnytskyi and Starokostiantyniv (1992)
  10. Mark (Petrovtsiy), archbishop of Sumy and Ohtyrka (1988)
  11. Ionafan (Yeletskykh), archbishop of Tulchyn and Bratslav (1989)
  12. Varfolomiy (Vashchuk), archbishop of Rivne and Ostroh (1990)
  13. Vasyliy (Zlatolynskyi), archbishop of Zaporizhia and Melitopol (1990)
  14. Serhiy (Hensytskyi), archbishop of Ternopil and Kremenetsk (1991)
  15. Feodor (Hayun), archbishop of Kamyanets'-Podilskyi and Horodotskyi (1992)
  16. Sofroniy (Dmytruk), archbishop of Cherkasy and Kaniv (1992)
  17. Vissarion (Stretovych), archbishop of Ovruch and Korosten (1992)
  18. Pytyrym (Starynskyi), archbishop of Mykolaiv and Voznesensk (1992)
  19. Avhustyn (Markevych), archbishop of Lviv and Halych (1992)
  20. Anatoliy (Hladkyi), archbishop of Sarny and Polissia (1993)
  21. Huriy (Kuzmenko), archbishop of Zhytomyr and Novohrad-Volynsk (1994)
  22. Symeon (Shostatskyi), archbishop of Vinnytsia and Mohyliv-Podilskyi (1996)
  23. Yefrem (Kytsay), archbishop of Kryvoriz and Nikopol' (1996)
  24. Ioann (Siopko), archbishop of Kherson and Tavria (1996)
  25. Mytrofan (Yurchuk), archbishop of Bila Tserkva and Bohuslav (2000)
  26. Fylyp (Osadchenko), archbishop of Poltava and Myrhorod (2001)
  27. Panteleimon (Romanovsky), bishop of Kirovohrad and Novomyrhorod (1992)
  28. Inokentiy (Shestopal), bishop of Konotop and Hlukhiv (1996)
  29. Amvrosiy (Polikopa), bishop of Chernihiv and Novhorod-Siverskyi (1998)
  30. Ahapit (Bevtsyk), bishop of Syeverodonets' and Starobil' (1998)
  31. Panteleimon (Bashchuk), bishop of Olexandria and Svitlovodsk (2000)
  32. Mytrofan (Nikitin), bishop of Horlivka and Slovyansk (2007)
  33. Yelysey (Ivanov), bishop of Berdiansk and Prymorsk (2007)
  34. Nykodym (Horenko), bishop of Volodymyr-Volynsk and Kovel (2007)
  35. Iryney (Semko), bishop of Nizhyn and Baturyn (2007)
  36. Volodymyr (Melnyk), bishop of Shepetivka and Slavuta (2007)
  37. Ilariy (Shyshkovskyi), bishop of Severodonetsk and Starobilsk (2007)
  38. Panteleimon (Luhovyi), bishop of Ivano-Frankivsk and Kolomyia (2007)

Auxiliary bishops

  1. Mykolaj (Hrokh), archbishop of Bilohorod (Metropolis of Kiev) (1992)
  2. Pavel (Lebid), archbishop of Vyshhorod (Metropolis of Kiev), superior of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (1997)
  3. Onufriy (Lehkyi), archbishop of Izyum (Diocese of Kharkiv) (2000)
  4. Volodymyr (Moroz), archbishop of Pochaiv (Metropolis of Kiev), superior of Pochaiv Lavra (2000)
  5. Luka (Kovalenko), bishop of Vasylkiv (Metropolis of Kiev) (2005)
  6. Arseniy (Yakovenko), bishop of Sviatohirsk (Diocese of Horlivka) (2005)
  7. Meletiy (Yehorenko), bishop of Khotyn (Diocese of Chernivtsi) (2006)
  8. Oleksiy (Hrokha), bishop of Bilhorod-Dnistrovsk (Diocese of Odessa) (2006)
  9. Antoniy (Pakanych), bishop of Boryspil (Metropolis of Kiev) (2006)
  10. Varnava (Filatov), bishop of Makiyivka (Diocese of Donetsk) (2007)
  11. Serafym (Demyaniv), bishop of Yahotyn (Metropolis of Kiev) (2007)
  12. Alexander (Drabynko), bishop of Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi (Metropolis of Kiev), secretary of the Metropolitan of Kiev (2007)

Retired bishops

  1. Mefodiy (Petrovtsiy), ex-bishop of Khust and Vynohradiv (1994-1998)
  2. Alipiy (Pohrebniak), schibishop[9], ex-bishop of Horlivka and Slovyansk (1991-1997)
  3. Ipolyt (Khylko), ex-bishop of Khust and Vynohradiv (1992-2006)
  4. Serhiy (Zaliznytskyi), schibishop, ex-bishop Serafim of Severodonetsk and Starobilsk (1994-2007)


Ukrainian Orthodoxy abroad

Orthodox churches of the Ukrainian tradition outside of Ukraine are mainly cared for by the Ecumenical Patriarchate, including:

These Orthodox churches have frequently maintained good relations with all the Orthodox Church jurisdictions in Ukraine. As examples, both North American jurisdictions have former priests of the three major Orthodox jurisdictions in their respective Churches, and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada blesses the use of a select number of books from the Kievan Patriarchate as Ukrainian translations. [2]

However, tensions have emerged recently with the expansion of UOC-KP parishes into North America outside of the jurisdictions of the already standing UOC.[3][4] There are also Ukrainian parishes outside of Ukraine in dioceses of Moscow Patriarchate [5].

But even outside the Ukraine there are numerous splinter groups. These include


See also

External links

Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Four Ancient Patriarchates: Constantinople · Alexandria · Antioch · Jerusalem
Russia · Serbia · Romania · Bulgaria · Georgia · Cyprus · Greece · Poland · Albania · Czech Lands and Slovakia · OCA* · Ukraine*
Autonomous Churches
Sinai · Finland · Estonia* · Japan* · China* · Ukraine*
The * designates a church whose autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.