Difference between revisions of "Paraklesis"

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A '''paraklesis''' is a service of supplication specifically for the living (as opposed to a [[Memorial Service]], which is a supplication for the departed).  This service is most often addressed to the [[Theotokos]], but may be used to seek the intercessions of any [[saint]].  The distinguishing feature of a paraklesis is the inclusion of a supplicatory [[canon]] to the saint whose intercessions are being sought.  A paraklesis can be served as a stand-alone service or, in a slightly abbreviated form, in conjunction with [[Vespers]].  It is appropriate to be served at any time of need. 
In Slavic practice, there is a similar service that is called a [[molieben]]—this service is either served as a stand-alone service or in conjunction with the [[Divine Liturgy]].
== Dormition Parakleses to the Theotokos ==
During the [[Dormition Fast]] (August 1-14), a paraklesis is appointed to be served each evening, except on Saturday evenings and the eves of the feasts of [[Transfiguration]] ([[August 5]]) and [[Dormition]] ([[August 14]]).
The parakleses of the Dormition Fast use, on alternate days, the [[Small Supplicatory Canon to the Most Holy Theotokos]] (composed by Theosterictus the Monk in the 9th Century) and the [[Great Supplicatory Canon to the Most Holy Theotokos]] (composed by Emperor Theodore I Ducas Lascaris in the 13th century).
The cycle of the Dormition parakleses is determined by two rules of thumb: (a) the cycle begins with the Small Supplicatory Canon whenever [[August 1]] falls on a Monday through Friday; and (b) on Sunday evenings, the Great Supplicatory Canon is always appointed.
== Paraklesis to the Theotokos outside the Dormition Fast ==
Outside the Dormition Fast, a paraklesis directed to the Theotokos is always chanted with the Small Supplicatory Canon.
== Texts of supplicatory canons ==
The texts of various supplicatory canons can be found in many popular prayer books, service books, and [[horologion|horologia]].  Some of these include:
* ''The Great Horologion'', Holy Transfiguration Monastery (ISBN 0943405084)
* ''A Prayer Book for Orthodox Christians'', Holy Transfiguration Monastery (ISBN 0943405017)
There are also online sources for the texts of supplicatory canons, both as part of the paraklesis service and alone.  Some of these include:
* [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/mikropar.htm Small Supplicatory Canon to the Theotokos], website of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia]]
* [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/megapara.htm Great Supplicatory Canon to the Theotokos], website of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia
* [http://silouan.narod.ru/texts/suppl_canon.htm Supplicatory Canon to St. Silouan of the Holy Mountain], website dedicated to St. Silouan
* [http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/cansted.htm Small Supplicatory Canon to the Holy Martyr Edmund, King of East Anglia], website of St. Felix and St. Edmund Orthodox Church
== Sources and further reading==
* [http://networks-now.net/litresswraoc/SVCParaklesis_Theotokos.htm Paraklesis to the Most Holy Theotokos] Website of the St. Raphael Clergy Brotherhood of the Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America
* [http://www.anastasis.org.uk/lit-parak.htm Anastasis] Website of the Monastery of St. Andrew the First Called
* [http://www.orthodox.net/ustav/paraclesis-service-explained.html Paraklesis Explained] Website of St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, Dallas, TX

Revision as of 06:32, August 22, 2007