Difference between revisions of "Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev"

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[[Image:Vladimir of Kiev and Gallich.JPG|thumb|right|300px|St. Vladimir of Kiev and Gallich]]
The holy [[New Martyrs|New Martyr]] [[Metropolitan]] '''Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich''' was the first [[bishop]] to be tortured and slain by the Communists at the time of the Russian Revolution.
[[Saint]] Vladimir was born on [[January 1]], 1848, in the province of Tambov.  He was named Basil Nikephorovich Bogoyavlensky.  Basil’s father was a [[priest]], but he was murdered when Basil was young.
In 1874, he graduated from the Theological Academy in Kiev and began teaching in the Tambov [[Seminary]].  He was [[Ordination|ordained]] a priest in 1881. 
After the death of his [[matushka]] and only child in 1886, Fr. Basil entered the Kozlov Monastery in Tambov and was given the name Vladimir. Two years later he was consecrated bishop of Staraya Rus and served as a vicar bishop in the [[diocese]] of Novgorod.
St. Vladimir became [[archbishop]] of Kartalin and Kahetin in 1892.  He was selected as [[List of primates of Russia|Metropolitan of Moscow]] and Kolomna in 1898 and was notable for his concern for widows, orphans, the poor, and alcoholics. In 1912, he became Metropolitan of Petrograd after the death of Metropolitan Anthony. In 1915, Metropolitan Vladimir fell out of favor with the [[Nicholas II of Russia|tsar]] because he disapproved of [[Gregory Efimovich Rasputin|Rasputin]], and so he was transferred to Kiev. 
It was Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev who announced in 1917 that [[Tikhon of Moscow|St. Tikhon]] had been elected as [[Patriarch]] of Moscow.
At this time, there were calls for an autonomous Ukraine, and some wanted the [[Church of Ukraine|Ukrainian Church]] to be independent from the [[Church of Russia]]. Metropolitan Vladimir warned that division in the Church would allow its enemies to be victorious.
In January 1918, many [[church]]es and [[monastery|monasteries]] were damaged by the cannon fire as Bolshevik forces vied for control of Kiev. On [[January 23]], the Bolsheviks seized the [[Monastery of the Kiev Caves|Kiev Caves Lavra]], and the [[monks]] were taken out into the courtyard to be stripped and beaten.
A few nights later, according to one account, five armed soldiers and a sailor came looking for Metropolitan Vladimir. The hierarch was tortured and choked in his bedroom with the chain of his cross. They tortured the metropolitan and demanded money, then drove him away to be executed.  Another account just states that some anonymous persons proceeded to take him to the commandant for interrogation. On the way, they decided to rid themselves of him. 
The body of the [[hieromartyr]] was found pierced by two bullet wounds and three stab wounds. He was carried into the lavra's Church of St. Michael, where he had spent his last days at prayer.
The [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|All-Russian Church Council]] was in session when word came to Moscow of Metropolitan Vladimir's death.  A memorial service for the New Martyr Vladimir was performed by Patriarch Tikhon.  An investigatory commission was formed to look into the circumstances of Metropolitan Vladimir's murder, but it was unable to carry out its duties because of the revolution. The council decided that the Sunday nearest to [[January 25]] (o.s.) / February 7 (n.s.), the day of his [[Martyr|martyrdom]], would be set aside for the annual commemoration of all of the [[New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia]], killed by the Soviets.
In 1992, the Orthodox Church of Russia [[Glorification|glorified]] the holy New Martyr Vladimir.
The [[Synaxis]] of Russia's New Martyrs and Confessors is also observed on the Sunday closest to [[January 25]].
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saints/vladimir_metr_kiev.htm New Hieromartyr Vladimir, Metropolitan of Kiev]
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100311 St Vladimir, Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich]
{{start box}}
title=Bishop of Staraya Rus|
title=Archbishop of Kartalin and Kahetin|
title=[[List of primates of Russia|Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna]]|
after=Macarius II}}
before= Anthony|
title=Metropolitan of Petrograd|
title=[[List of Metropolitans of Kiev|Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich]]|
after=[[Anthony (Khrapovitsky) of Kiev|Anthony (Khrapovitsky)]]}}
{{end box}}
[[Category:Russian Saints]]

Revision as of 10:42, June 10, 2008