Valerian (Trifa) of Detroit
Valerian (Trifa) of Detroit was the ruling bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America from 1957 until 1984. His tenure as bishop was marred by allegations of association with the fascist-leaning Iron Guard during his youth in Romania. As a result of the allegations he retired as ruling bishop and entered into voluntary exile to Portugal, where he died.
The future bishop was born Viorel D. Trifa on June 24, 1914 in Campeni, Transylvania, then part of the Austria-Hungary Empire. His father was Dionisie Trifa, a schoolteacher. His education began in his native village and continued at the Horia Gymnasium of Campeni and then the Gheorghe High School in Sibiu. He graduated in 1931. He continued his education in Theological School of the University of Jassy, where he studied theology, graduating cum laude in 1935. After graduation he studied theology, letters, and philosophy at the University of Bucharest. In 1939, he studied history and journalism at the University of Berlin.
It was as a student that his associations with the legionnaire movement of the Iron Guard created events that would follow him in his career for the rest of his life. He was a contributor to the Libertatea newspaper of Orastie and in 1940 he was president of the National Union of Romanian Christian Students. In January 1941, he became involved in the confrontation between between the new leader of the Iron Guard, Horia Sima, and Ion Antonescu, which resulted in a failed rebellion and his fleeing to Germany.
In Nazi Germany, he was interned as a political prisoner in the camps of Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, and Dachau. Freed at the end of World War II, Viorel served briefly as secretary to Metropolitan Visarion Puiu in Vienna and Paris before he was engaged as professor of ancient history and French language at a Roman Catholic college in Italy.
On July 17, 1950, Viorel entered the United States under the Displaced Persons Immigration Act and became a writer for the Romanian language newspaper Solia in Cleveland, Ohio. As Romania came under communist control, the government through the Romanian Synod of Bishops attempted to control the émigré Orthodox diocese in the United States that was originally organized by Bp. Polycarp (Morusca). The vast majority of parishes resisted and called for a council to establish self-government and to elect a auxiliary bishop pending Bp. Polycarp’s return from Romania. On July 2, 1951, Viorel was elected as the auxiliary bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America. He was consecrated on April 27, 1952, having been given the name Valerian upon his tonsure as a monk. After Bp. Polycarp’s death in Romania on October 26, 1958, Bp. Valerian became the ruling head of the episcopate.
In 1975, the United States Department of Justices alleged that Abp. Valerian had entered the United States under false pretenses, having hid his membership in the Iron Guard. The evidence for the allegations had been provided by the Romanian communist government. In 1980, as the accusation about his past increased, Abp. Valerian chose, for the peace of his diocese, to retire as the head of the Romanian Episcopate, surrender his American citizenship, and leave the United States. He departed the United States in 1984 and established residence in Portugal. He died there on January 28, 1987. He was succeeded as head of the Episcopate by Bp. Nathaniel (Popp) in 1984.