Difference between revisions of "Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada"
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Revision as of 06:32, April 1, 2006
It has cathedrals in the cities of Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto, and Montreal. The Metropolitan Cathedral, seminary (St. Andrew's College), and central administrative office are all based in Winnipeg. Its membership is about twelve thousand, and the current Primate of the church is Metropolian John.
Most ethnic Ukrainians moving to Canada from Western Ukraine in the late 19th century and early 20th century centuries were Greek Catholics, and were tended early on by the local Roman Catholic hierarchy. At the same time, a smaller group of settlers arriving from Bukovina were mostly Orthodox. Initially served by the Russian mission, by then established in the north-west of North America through Alaska, the Orthodox settlers sought a native Ukrainian church, which they organized in the summer of 1918 the city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
The UOCC had strong ties to the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church after 1921, when that body was established in Ukraine. In 1990, it became a canonical church by being accepted into the Patriarchy of Constantinople.
In July 2005, at the XXI SOBOR of the UOCC, Metropolitan (Still Archbishop, at the time) John (Stinka) was elected Archbishop of Winnipeg and Metropolitan of All Canada. In late 2005, Archbishop John, finally replaced (after his acception by the Holy Synod of Bishops) Metropolitan Wasyly Fedak as Metropolitan, who died in January 2005, after serving in the position for nearly twenty years.
Currently, the UOCC has just two bishops (fewer than preferred, as 3 bishops makes a "Council of Bishops", but the UOCC prefers to have 4 bishops to help them better look after their flock.), and at the XXI Sobor, the Sobor chose Very Rev. Fr. Michael Skumeda as bishop-elect , and an "Extraordinary Sobor" will be held in July 2006 (Postponement talk, to 2007) to elect at least one bishop (Key candidates: Rt. Rev. Archimandrite Job (Getcha) (only 33 years of age, while 35 is required age of the UOCC, to become Bishop) & Rt. Rev. Archimandrite Tikhon (Chyzevsky), to enthrone Metropolitan John as Archbishop of Winnipeg and the Central Diosese, and to Ordain Fr. Michael as Bishop of Edmonton (St. John's Cathedral), and the Western Eparchy.
In Ukrainian (Slavic) Tradition, the Metropolitan is the Head Bishop of the Church and Primate, and then followed by the Archbishop(s) and/or Bishop(s). In Greek Tradition, the Metropolitan's, and Archbishop's roles are reversed.
In the UOCC, the Metropolitan is always the "Archbishop of Winnipeg, of the Central Diocese, and All-Canada" (Metropolitan John), while the next two Bishops are always the: "(Arch)bishop of Edmonton, and the Western Diocese," and the "(Arch)bishop of Toronto, and the Eastern Diocese" (Archbishop Yurij, currently), while the next Bishop is always the "Bishop of Saskatoon, and Vicar of the Central Diocese." Usually the church only has 4 bishops, but if there is a need for more, there are the spots of: "Bishop of Montreal, and Vicar of the Eastern Diocese," and "Bishop of Vancouver, and the Vicar of the Central Diocese."
List of Bishops, who served (or currently serve) in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada:
+His Eminence, Archbishop Mstyslav (later Archbishop, and Metropolitan of UOC of USA, and in 1990-93, Patriarch of Ukraine)
+His Beatitude, Metropolitan Ilarion (first Metropolitan in UOCC) (1950-1972 as Metropolitan)
+His Beatitude, Metropolitan Michael (19??-197?) & Metropolitan from 1972 to 1975 (He passed on the title, and duties to Metropolitan Andrew, before his death)
+His Beatitude, Metropolitan Andrew (19??-1985) & Metropolitan from 1975 to 1985 (first Bishop of Edmonton)
+His Eminence, Archbishop Boris (first Bishop of Saskatoon)
+His Eminence, Archbishop Nicholas
+His Beatitude, Metropolitan Wasyly (1978-2005) & Metropolitan from 1985 to 2005
His Eminence, Metropolitan John (1983-Present) & Metropolitan from 2005 to Present
His Eminence, Archbishop Yurij (1989-Present)
Bishop-Elect: Very Rev. Michael Skrumeda (Elected 2005)
Note: + = Deaseased
* Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada * History of UOCC