Ukaz (plural Ukazy) (Russian: указ, указы) in Imperial Russia was a proclamation, edict, or ordinance of the tsar, government, or a religious leader, such as the patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Russia, that had the force of law. Popularly, Ukaz became a term for any official decree, and is generally translated as “decree”.
The term Ukaz, or Ukase, came from the word Ukazat which is a shortened form of the word ukazlivat, which has the meaning of ‘to show’, announce, or prescribe.
In recent history, Ukaz No. 362 of November 20, 1920 is notable as the attempt by Patr. Tikhon of Moscow to provide guidance for governance of the Church of Russia as the Bolsheviks assumed power in Russia after the October 1917 Revolution.