Difference between revisions of "Typika"

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The '''Typika''' (gr. τυπικα ; sl. Обедница or Изобразительны) is a brief service that is appointed by the [[Typikon]] for certain occasions but may also be conducted when a [[priest]] or [[bishop]] is not present. There are various modifications that are made to this service to incorporate elements from the [[Divine Liturgy]], some of which are designed to be led by [[laity|laymen]]; and in some [[jurisdiction]]s, it can also be a service led by a [[deacon]] which includes the distribution of [[Eucharist|Holy Communion]].  When held in a church, the doors of the [[iconostasis]] remain closed and the service is conducted in the [[nave]].
===When there is no Liturgy, or only a [[Vespers|Vesperal]] Liturgy ===
According to the [[Typikon]], the Typika is appointed on those days when either there is no liturgy at all, or there is only a [[Vesperal Liturgy]]. The Typika follows the Ninth Hour and contains the [[Typical Psalms]] ([[Psalter|Psalms]] 102 and 145) and the [[Beatitudes]] that would otherwise have been done as part of the three [[antiphon]]s of the Liturgy of the [[Catechumen]]s. The text for this type of service can usually be found in the various [[Liturgikon|Liturgika]] and [[Horologion|Horologia]].
===Reader's Typika===
This Typika service is a specific form of service which mirrors the Divine Liturgy.  It is used when a priest is not available or when a worshiper cannot get to a church. It is led by a deacon, subdeacon, [[reader]], [[chanter]], or the eldest experienced layperson present, in that order, unless a bishop or priest determines another leader.
===Deacon's Typika===
This Typika service is a form of [[Pre-Sanctified Liturgy]] held by a [[deacon]] and authorized by the local [[bishop]] when a [[priest]] is unavailable. The deacon distributes [[Eucharist|communion]] to the faithful present at the service. It should be noted that while this service is blessed in some jurisdictions, it is not universally accepted, nor is it of ancient origin. However, the idea of deacons bringing communion to those unable to attend the Liturgy ''is'' an ancient custom, and so it can be argued that the ancient custom provides the basis for this more recent practice.
==Service texts==
*[http://www.antiochian.org.au/media/DeaconsTypikaWithHoursAu.pdf Deacons Typika Service]
*[http://www.antiochian.org.au/media/ReadersTypikaWithHoursAu.pdf  Readers Typika Service]
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/typica.htm Reader's Typika according to the Old Rite Typikon]
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/hours_typica.htm The Hours and Typika (Russian Practice, but arranged differently than the above texts]
*[http://www.antiochian.org.au/content/view/493/21/ Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand]
==External links==
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/horologion.htm The Reader Service Horologion]
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/howtodo.htm Practical Questions about how to do Reader Services (Russian Practice)]
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/typ/ The Variable Portions of Typika (Old Calendar)]
*[http://orthodoxinfo.com/praxis/services_nopriest.aspx Instructions on Reader Services]
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/readerservices.htm Comments by Archbishop Averky on Reader Services]

Revision as of 10:41, June 10, 2008