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Troparion (also tropar; plural troparia) is a type of hymn in the Orthodox Church and other Eastern Christian churches. The term most often refers to the apolytikion, the thematic hymn which closes vespers. (In Greek churches, the apolytikion troparion is known simply as the apolytikion; in most other churches, it is known simply as the troparion.) This troparion serves as a thematic hymn and is repeated at every service of the day.

Troparia are also found as the stanzas of canons. They are also sometimes used as refrains for chanted psalm verses, though stichera more often serve this function.

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