Timeline of Orthodoxy in Australia
|This article forms part of the series|
|Orthodoxy in Australia Timeline |
Orthodoxy in New Zealand Timeline
Gk Orthodox Archd. of ANZ
|GOA Aus - Abp Makarios|
Antiochian - Metr. Basil
ROCOR - Met Hilarion
Serbian - Bp Irinej
Romanian - Bp Michael
GOM NZ - Met Myron
| Episcopal Assembly of Oceania|
| Antiochian Orthodox |
Greek Orthodox (Aus)
O.L. of Kazan
|Proph. Elias |
St John Mtn
St Sava (Elaine)
|Edit this box|
- 1810 First known Orthodox (Russian) permanent resident arrives in Australia. Wife of a British Military officer freshly arrived from the Peninsular War.
- 1820 April: First Orthodox service in Australia. Held at Kirribilli Point (Sydney) by Fr Dionisii, a Russian Orthodox chaplain on the Vostok.
- 1868: Fr Christoforos Arsenios settles at Clermont in Central Queensland. No record exists of any services conducted.
- 1896: Archimandrite Dorotheos (Bakaliaros) is first resident priest who functions as such. Conducts services in Melbourne and Sydney
- 1897: Joint Greek and Syrian Orthodox communities in Sydney (New South Wales) and Melbourne (Victoria) become established.
- 1898 May 29: Foundation stone laid in Sydney of the first Orthodox Church in Australia (included Greek, Russian and Syrian worshippers and contributors). Dedicated to Holy Trinity.
- The Church of Jerusalem appoints Fr Seraphim Phocas to Sydney and Fr Athanasios Kantopoulos to Melbourne.
- 1899 Refusal of the Ecumenical Patriarchate to recognise the newly elected Arabic-speaking Patriarch of Antioch and All the East causes a parting of the way between the Greek speaking Orthodox and the Arabic speaking Orthodox in Australia. Russian speaking Orthodox also suffer in the fall-out.
- 1900: Foundation stone laid in Melbourne of first exclusively Greek speaking Orthodox Church. Dedicated to the Annunciation.
- 1902: Church of Greece takes responsibility for Greek parishes in Australia from the Church of Jerusalem.
- 1903: Fr Nikandros Bettines arrives in Melbourne from Zakynthos, sent by the Archbishop of Athens.
- 1908: Ecumenical Patriarchate grants jurisdiction of Greek parishes in Australia to the Church of Greece.
- 1914 First Exarch arrives in Australia sent by the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East
- 1919 Exarchate of Australia and New Zealand is confirmed as permanent by Patriarch of Antioch.
- 1920 May 24: First exclusively Antiochian Orthodox parish in Australia. Fr Nicholas Shehadie is the first priest.
Australasian Diocesean Era
- 1924 Mar 7: Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Australia and New Zealand established by Ecumenical Patriarchate.
- Jul 8: Metropolitan Christoforos (Knitis) of Australia and New Zealand arrives.
- 1925: First Russian church acquired in Brisbane. Was dedicated to St Nicholas.
- 1928: Metropolitan Christoforos (Knitis) exiled to Samos.
- 1931 Sep 18: Timotheos (Evangelinides) elected Metropolitan of Australia and New Zealand by Ecumenical Patriarchate.
- 1932 Jul 26: Metropolitan Timotheos (Evangelinides) arrives in Australia.
- 1947 Apr 22: Archimandrite Theophylactos (Papathanasopoulos) elected Metropolitan of Australia and New Zealand by Ecumenical Patriarchate.
- 1948 Nov: Bishop Theodore (Rafalsky) arrives in Australia.
- First Ukrainian Orthodox services held in Canberra by Fr A. Theodorovych.
- 1949: First Serbian Orthodox services held by Fr Sv. Sekulic.
- 1950: First Bulgarian Orthodox parish in Melbourne.
- 1952: First Estonian parish established by Fr D. Juurma.
- 1955/56: Bishop Sava becomes Bishop of Australia and New Zealand (ROCOR).
- 1958 Aug 2: Metropolitan Theophylactos (Papathanasopoulos) killed in car accident in Melbourne.
- 1959 Apr 27: Metropolitan Ezekiel (Tsoukalas) of Australia and New Zealand arrives in Australia.
- Sep 1: The Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Australia and New Zealand becomes the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand, and Metropolitan Ezekiel becomes Archbishop.
- 1961: St Andrew's Brotherhood set up by Archbishop Ezekiel for the improvement of Archdiocesan services.
- Jan: First Clergy-Laity Congress held in Sydney.
- Jun 19: Land purchased for St George Monastery, Springwood.
- 1965: Second Clergy-Laity Congress held in Sydney.
- 1969: Antiochian Orthodox Exarchate of Australasia established by the Holy Synod of Antioch.
- Metropolitan Iakovos of Philadelphia arrives as Exarch of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
Australian Archdiocesan Era
- 1970: Sister Dorothea places St Basil's Homes for the Aged under the patronage of the Archdiocese.
- 1971 OCA presence begins in Australia with reception of one rebel ROCOR parish in Bankstown, New South Wales, along with three priests.
- Simultaneously Polish Orthodox presence begins in Australia with reception of a priest from ROCOR.
- 1972: Third Clergy-Laity Congress held in Sydney.
- 1974 Dec 30: First Serbian Orthodox hierarch, Bishop Nikolai (Mrdja), enthroned.
- 1975 Feb 13: Metropolitan Stylianos (Harkianakis) of Miletoupolis elected Archbishop of Australia.
- Apr 15: Archbishop Stylianos (Harkianakis) of Australia arrives.
- 26: Archbishop Stylianos enthroned.
- Apr 15: Archbishop Stylianos (Harkianakis) of Australia arrives.
- 1979 Sep 22: Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Churches of Australia established, with the Ecumenical Patriarchate's Archbishop of Australia as permanent chairman.
- 1981 Jan: Fourth Clergy-Laity Congress held in Sydney.
- 1982: First National Youth Conference held at University of Melbourne. Resolution passed to hold National Youth Conferences every second year thereafter, with State Youth Conferences held on the alternate year.
- 1983: St Andrew's Brotherhood revived and better organised by Archbishop Stylianos.
- 1984: Second National Youth Conference held in Sydney.
- 1985 Jan 27-29: Fifth Clergy-Laity Congress held in Brisbane, Queensland.
- May: Construction of St. Andrew's Greek Orthodox Theological College commences. College prepares to open in 1986.
- 1986 Feb: St. Andrew's Greek Orthodox Theological College begins teaching.
- Third National Youth Conference held in Melbourne
- 1988 Sep 13: Moscow Patriarchate establishes first parish in Melbourne, dedicated to Holy Trinity.
- 1989 Jan: Sixth Clergy-Laity Congress held in Melbourne.
- Fourth National Youth Conference held in Melbourne
- 1989: Moscow Patriarchate consecrates second church in Sydney.
- 1991: Fifth National Youth Conference held in Adelaide.
- 1991-94: Schism occurs in Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia. Patriarchate of Jerusalem accepts schismatic parishes and begins jurisdiction in Australia. Great protests from Archbishop Stylianos and Patriarch Bartholomew ensue, culminating in a pan-Orthodox synod and the excommunication of the bishops that went to Australia. Jerusalem withdraws from Australia, parishes join old-calendarist synods.
- 1993 Jan: Seventh Clergy-Laity Congress held in Sydney.
- 1994: Sixth National Youth Conference held in Brisbane
- 1996 Nov: First Visit of Ecumenical Patriarchate.
- 1998 Jan: Eighth Clergy-Laity Congress held in Sydney.
- Seventh National Youth Conference held in Sydney
- 2002: St. Andrew's Orthodox Press established to publish The Greek-Australian Vema, the official newspaper of the Archdiocese.
- Chryssavgis, Fr M., & Chryssavgis, Fr J., Persons and Events in Orthodoxy: Historical Moments in the development of Orthodox Christianity (with a chapter on Australian Orthodoxy), Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, 1985.
- Institutional Profile of St Andrew's Greek Orthodox Theological College.
- Major events in the history of the Greek Orthodox Church in Australia.
- History of the Holy Orthodox Church: Orthodoxy in Australia
- Parish History of Holy Trinity Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate).
- St George Cathedral and its People - Past, Present and Future - history of the Antiochian Orthodox Church in Australia (Sydney) and the parish of St George Cathedral