Tikhon of Moscow

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Our Father Among the Saints Tikhon of Moscow was Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (1917-1925). Born 1865, died 1925. His feast day is April 7.

One of the first Orthodox bishops to do major work in North America, St. Tikhon was the primary founder of St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery in South Canaan, Pennsylvania, naming it for his heavenly patron, St. Tikhon of Zadonsk.

St. Tikhon openly condemned the killings of the Czar's family in 1918, and protested against violent attacks by the Bolsheviks on the Church.

From 1922 to 1923, Patriarch Tikhon was imprisoned in Donskoy Monastery. Upon being released, he assured the regime of his loyalty, in an apparent attempt to relieve the harsh pressures on the Church. Despite his declaration of loyalty, he continued to enjoy the trust of the Orthodox community in Russia. When he died, he was considered a martyr for the faith.

In 1989, Patriarch Tikhon was glorified by the Church of Russia. This canonization process is generally considered an example of the thaw in Church-Soviet relations in the Glasnost era.

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