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New Testament Era (1-30)

Since the deaths of many of the biblical personalities can not be traced, for the purposes of the New Testament era, we will list the chronological appearance of these same personalities, as they are documented in the Scripture.

30 Death and Resurrection of Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God. [6]


Apostolic Era (30-100)

The Apostolic period can begin with the death of Christ, or from the Day of Pentecost, and ends with the Apostle John and covers about seventy years.

  • 31 Protomartyr of christianity Apostle Stephen delivers a speech before the Sanhedrin (Acts 6:8-8:1) and is stoned to death December 27.

After the Ascension of the Saviour to Heaven, the Apostles preach the Good News to various parts of the world:

Apostle Thaddeus preaches to Syria and Mesopotamia. He preaches the Gospel to Edessa and converts King Abgar.
  • 34 Death of Philip, tetrach of Iturea; Apostle Nikanor the deacon (Acts 6:1-6), d. July 28

Agrippa I is eaten by worms and dies.

  • 52 First Apostolic Council takes place in Jerusalem.
  • 66
    • Evellius, advisor of Nero, converted to Christ on witnessing the patience of the martyrs and then himself martyred in Pisa, Italy, May 11;
    • Hermagoras and Fortunatus, according to tradition, Hermagoras was a disciple of Apostle Mark and was consecrated Bishop of Auileia in Italy. He and his deacon Fortunatus were beheaded under Nero, July 12;
    • Priscus, 1st bishop of Capua, Italy sent by Apostle Peter, martyred under Nero, September 1;
    • Photine of Samaria, Anatole, Photo, Photis, Paraskeve, Kyriake, Photinos and Joses and the Duke Sebastianos, martyred under Emperor Nero.
    • Christians arrive in Antioch from Jerusalem
  • 67 c, Paul, founder of the Church of Rome, beheaded in Rome;
  • 70 the Roman emperor Titus captures and destroys Jerusalem. The Romans demolish the Jewish temple and under difficult conditions the Christians emigrate in Pella in the east bank of Jordan river.

90-96 (2nd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Domitian

  • 99 Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, [27], martyred under Trajan, April 15.

First Century unknown dates


Close of the Apostolic Age



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  1. The apocryphal account, "The History of Joseph", a 4th century document the last years of Joseph's life. According to St. Epiphanios of Cyprus (c315-403), the Elder Joseph lived to a profound old age, having entered into rest at the age of one hundred and ten years old. He reposed just before Christ entered His public ministry to preach the Gospel
  2. The Ministry of St. John the Baptist begins in the "15th year of Tiberius" (Luke 3:1-2). He preaches, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near" (Matt 3:1-2) and baptising Christ in the Jordan (Mark 1:4-11)
  3. Quoting Isaiah 61:1-2), the Savior proclaimed, "The spirit of the Lord is upon me; because He has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent me to proclaim release to captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord…" This scene is depicted in a Vatican manuscript (Vatican, Biblioteca. Cod. Gr. 1613, p.1).
  4. The three year ministry of Christ includes the appointment of the Twelve Apostles, Sermon on the Mount, miracles, transfiguration, etc
  5. The execution of Saint John the Baptist has been recorded in "Antiquitates Judaicae" in Latin published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephhus about 93 or 94 AD, 18.5.2
  6. 30AD is thought to be the most accurate dating of the death, resurrection and Pentecost amongst academics and has been used for this article in lieu of 33AD.
  7. At the time of her death tradition states she was in her early fifties.
  8. Gamaliel is celebrated as a Pharisee doctor of Jewish Law, who was the teacher of Apostle Paul; the author of the Book of Acts portrays Gamaliel with great respect (Acts 5:34, 22:3)
  9. According to tradition, Hierotheus was present with St. Dionysius the Areopagite at the Dormition of the Theotokos. Tradition is not clear whether he is the first Bishop of Athens since other traditions place Dionysius in this role.
  10. Apostle Andrew is traditionally thought to have been martyred in Achaia at Patras by cruxifixion.
  11. The death of James the Just is also recorded in "Antiquitates Judaicae" published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, 20.9.1
  12. Source: w:First Martyrs of the Church of Rome
  13. Noble Roman ladies, disciples of the Apostles Paul and Peter, whose bodies they buried. They were martyred under Nero.
  14. A virgin martyred in Terni in Italy at the same time as Bishop Valentine.
  15. The first bishop of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:21. He was bishop for twelve years and is venerated as a martyr.
  16. An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she convered St. Aspren who became the first Bishop of Naples.
  17. A matron from Rome baptised by the Apostle Peter who converted her husband and her son, St. Nazarius. Her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.
  18. Dating by Anti-Marcionite Prologue to the Gospel of Luke.
  19. The slave who ran away from his master Philemon and was converted by St. Paul in Rome and was the occasion of the Apostle's letter to Philemon.
  20. By tradition he was consecrated first Bishop of Catania in Sicily by the Apostle Peter, with whom he had travelled from Antioch. He reposed in extreme old age.
  21. By tradition ordained by the Apostle Peter as first pastor of Fiesole, he was martyred with several companions under Domitian
  22. By tradition he was a priest martyred in Rome, perhaps under Domitian.
  23. The disciple that St. Paul greets in Romans 16:13.
  24. By tradition, a Galilean and the first bishop, and also martyr, of the Abruzzi in Italy.
  25. Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In 95AD he held a consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian beheaded him for the Christian faith.
  26. The date is uncertain. Early sources noted that he died a natural death, perhaps in Greece. A tradition dated from the ninth century tells of his martyrdom in Crimea in 102 by drowning when thrown overboard from a boat with a ship’s anchor tied to him.
  27. They belonged to the circle of Flavia Domitilla, whome they accompanied in exile to the island of Ponza. Eventually they retured to Rome and were martyred under Trajan.
  28. Pretorian soldiers, by tradition baptised by the Apostle Peter, and exiled with Flavia Domitilla to Pontia and later to Terracina in Italy
  29. A missionary in Spain in the Apostolic Age
  30. Account of the miracle that occured at his grave: When over 100 years old, St. John took seven disciples outside of Ephesus and had them dig a grave in the shape of a cross. St. John then went into the grave, and the disciples buried him there, alive. Later on, when his grave was opened, St. John’s body was not there. ‘On May 8 of each year, dust rises up from his grave, by which the sick are healed of various diseases.’
  31. The Holy Apostle Zenas of the Seventy, a disciple and co-worker with the first-ranked Apostle Paul, was called a lawyer, since he was a learned man and led juridical matters in church courts. He is mentioned in the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to Titus (Titus 3:13): "Help Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their way; see that they lack nothing." Afterwards, St Zenas became bishop of the city of Diospolis (or Lydda) in Palestine.