Open main menu

OrthodoxWiki β


Revision as of 09:35, August 19, 2011 by Ixthis888 (talk | contribs) (Moses to New Testament)

Creation to New Testament period

Note 12 August 2011: traditional Orthodox Christians will use the Byzantine calculation of the "Etos Kosmou" in conjunction with the "Anno Domini" year for dating. Since, the Byzantine Anno Mundi era was the official calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. AD 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate yet much of the information can come from other sources, this article is in the process of requiring to convert and verify the dates into the accepted calendar used by the Orthodox Church. This note will be removed once these dates have been reconciled and can be verified/trusted. The computation is derived from the Septuagint [1] version of the Bible, and places the date of Creation at 5509 years before the Incarnation. Its year one, the supposed date of creation, is 1 September 5509 to 31 August 5508 BC. The Etos Kosmou ("Year of the Universe") is the corresponding concept in the Byzantine calendar.

Creation (1 AM) to the Great Flood

  • The Pre-existent Christ, [John 1]
  • Creation, [Genesis 1:1]
  • Satan cast out of heaven, [Isaiah 14:12-17]
  • 1 AM / 5509 BC: Creation of the World, including Adam and Eve.
    • Six days of Creation
    • Fall of Adam and Eve
    • Expulsion from Eden
  • 230 AM / 5278 BC: Seth born, Son of Adam and Eve [Genesis 5:3].
  • Cain kills Abel, [Genesis 4].
requires Septuagint dating
    • Enosh born, son of Seth [Genesis 5:6]
    • Kenan born, son of Enosh [Genesis 5:9]
    • Mahalalel born, son of Kenan [Genesis 5:12]
    • Jared born, son of Mahalalel [Genesis 5:15]
    • Enoch born, son of Jared [Genesis 5:18]
    • Methuselah born, son of Enoch [Genesis 5:21]
    • Lamech born, son of Methusaleh [Genesis 5:25]
    • 930 AM / 4578 BC: Death of Adam (Aged 930 yo) [Genesis 5:5]
    • Enoch "walks with God" [Genesis 5:23-24]
    • Seth dies at 912 [Genesis 5:8]
  • 1663 AM Noah, son of Lamech born [Genesis 5:28-29].
Requires Septuagint dating
    • Enosh dies 905 yo [Genesis 5:11]
    • Kenan dies at 910 yo [Genesis 5:14]
    • Mahalalel dies at 895 yo [Genesis 5:17]
    • Jared dies at 962 [Genesis 5:20]
    • Shem, Ham and Japheth born, sons of Noah [Genesis 5:32]
    • Noah still 500 years old, nearly 501 years old. []
    • Lamech dies at 777 [Genesis 5:31]
    • Methusaleh dies at 969 [Genesis 5:27]

Great Flood to Abraham

Great Flood events
  • 2262 AM The Great Flood (verify)
    • On the seventeenth (Septuagint: 27th) day of the second month, the fountains of the great deep were broken up and the windows of heaven were opened. [Genesis 7:4-11]
    • On the seventeenth day of the seventh month, Noah's Ark lands on "mountains of Ararat" [Genesis 8:4]
    • On the twenty-seventh day of the second month, Noah and his family exit the ark [Genesis 8:13-14]
    • Arphaxad born, son of Shem [Genesis 11:10]
    • Shem still 100 years old, 2 years after the flood began, nearly 101 years old. []
  • 2262 AM / 3247 BC: c, The Great Flood [Genesis 7 and 8].
  • 2263 AM / 3246 BC: c, Noah and his family exit the Ark [Genesis 8:13-14].
  • Tower of Babel, [Genesis 11].
Geneology of Shem
  • 2264 AM / 3245 BC: c, Arphaxhad, son of Shem (100 yo dies +500y), is born two years after the flood [Genesis 11:10].
    • 2264+500 AM / 3245-500 BC Shem dies
  • Cainan, son of Arphaxhad (135 yo + 430y), is born [Genesis 11:12]
  • Salah, son of Cainan (130 yo + 330y), is born [Genesis 11:13]
  • Eber, son of Salah (130 yo +330y), is born [Genesis 11:14]
Births for dating
  • Peleg, Genesis 11:16
  • Reu, Genesis 11:18
  • Serug, Genesis 11:20
  • Nahor #1, Genesis 11:22
  • Terah, Genesis 11:24
Geneology of Terah
  • Birth of Abram (Abraham), Genesis 11:26-27
  • Nahor, Genesis 11:26-27
  • Haran, Genesis 11:26-27
Birth of Abraham (convert to Byzantine AM)
    • 1948 AM: standard Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible
    • 2247 AM: Samaritan version of the Torah
    • 3312 AM: Greek Septuagint text (verify)
      • Death of Sarah (Aged 127 yo), buried by Abraham in the Cave of the Patriarchs.
  • Abram becomes Abraham
Death of Abraham (Aged 175 yo) in Canaan.

Abraham to Moses

  • Abraham leaves Haran
  • Birth of Ishmael
  • Birth if Isaac
  • Birth of Jacob
  • Birth of Joseph
  • Jacob enters Egypt
  • Death of Jacob
  • Death of Joseph

Moses to New Testament

1550 to 1200 BC
  • 1391 BC: Birth of Moses, Egypt.
  • 1312 BC: c, Likely commencement of Exodus.
    • The 10 plagues against Egypt
    • The Hebrews are freed and then pursued
    • Crossing the Red Sea
    • Israel wanders in the desert for 40 years
    • Receiving the 10 Commandments
    • The conquest and division of Canaan
  • 1271 BC: Death of the glorious Prophet Moses, God-seer, September 4.
  • xxxx BC: Joshua of Navi, September 1.

Miscellaneous to New Testament

temporary list of activity by biblical figures.
  • 1146 BC: Samuel the Prophet, August 20.
  • 1104 BC: Birth of Kish, father of Saul.
  • 1079 BC: Birth of Saul
  • 1049 BC: Saul anointed by the prophet Samuel, 1st King of the united Kingdom of Israel and reigned from Gibeah for 40 years, [Acts 13:21].
  • 1029 BC: Death of Kish, father of Saul.
  • 1009 BC: c, 1007 BC Saul's reign ends(Aged 72), Battle of Mount Gilboa?

10th century BC (1000 BC to )

  • 1000 BC: Menelik, son of Solomon and Queen of Sheba, visits Jerusalem and steals the Ark of the Covenant (Ethiopian tradition).
  • 970 BC: Death of the holy and righteous King David.

9th century BC (900 BC to end of 801 BC)

  • The Holy Prophet Hosea (First of the Minor Prophets), tribe of Issachar, October 17.
  • 844 BC c, In the reign of Joram, Jerusalem invaded by Philistines and Arabians [cf. Chron. 21:16f; 4 Kgs. 8:20]

8th century BC (800 BC to end of 701 BC)

  • 778 BC: The prophetic service of Micah begins.

7th century BC (700 BC and ends 601 BC)

  • The Holy Prophet Nahum (7th of the 12 Minor prophets) from the village of Elkosh, died 45 years old, December 1.
  • 609 BC Death of King Josiah, d. June/July.

6th century BC (600 BC and ends 501 BC)

  • 597 BC: Deportation of Jews (first). King Jeconiah.
  • 586 BC: Babylonian captivity for the Jews begins. Jerusalem falls to the Babylonians, ending the Kingdom of Judah. The conquerors destroy the Temple of Jerusalem and exile the land's remaining inhabitants.
  • 582 BC: Possible deportation of Jews (third).
  • 538 BC: Forced exile.
  • 536 BC: The holy prophet Daniel receives an angelic visitor.[2]

5th century BC (500 BC and ends 401 BC)

Note: During this period, both Ezra and Nehemiah, leaders of the Jews, return from Babylonian Exile.

  • 458 BC: Ezra leads about 1,500 Judean exiles living in Babylon to their home city of Jerusalem, where he enforces observance of the Torah and cleanses the community of mixed marriages. Described in the Book of Ezra 8:2-14.
  • 459 BC: Ezra leads the Jews from Babylon to Jerusalem (second lot).
  • 413 BC: c, Death of Nehemiah.

4th century BC (400 BC and ends 301 BC)

  • 332 BC: Alexander the Great enters Jerusalem.

3rd century BC (300 BC and ends 201 BC)

2nd century BC (200 BC and ends 101 BC)

Last century BC (100 BC and ends 1 BC)

  • 19 BC: c, 16 BC Presentation of the Theotokos, at the age of three.
  • 16 BC: c, 9 BC According to Orthodox tradition Joachim and Anna retire to Wâdî Qilt located in the desert between Jerusalem and Jericho.
  • 12 BC: c, 9 BC The dormition of St. Anna, the mother of the Theotokos, July 25 [4]

5509 AM Byzantine Calendar

The Byzantine Calendar is set on the basis that Jesus Christ was thought to have been born in the year 5509 Annus Mundi (AM) - the year since the creation of the world according to the Spetuagint dating.[5]

  • 4 BC:
    • c, Christ is born in Bethlehem, April 17;
    • The Magi [6], appear in Matthew 2; The Nativity Sheperds [7], appear in Luke 2.
    • Other events: Apostle Paul born in Tarsus; Herod the Great dies.
Unknown dates:

This template displays the series box and includes the article in Category:Saints
  1. English Translation of the Greek Septuagint Bible, by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton 1851.
  2. Daniel 10:4
  3. Saint Ioachim and Anna brought gifts to the Lord's temple in Jerusalem on the yearly Feast of the Dedication (Hanukkah) and Feast of Lights (c.f. Macc 4:52-59; 2 Macc 10:5).
  4. St. Ioachim lived for 80 years and Anna for 79. They lived for around seven years after Mary was dedicated, making the holy Theotokos around 10 when they reposed.
  5. Paul Stephenson. "Translations from Byzantine Sources: The Imperial Centuries, c.700-1204: John Skylitzes, "Synopsis Historion": The Year 6508, in the 13th Indiction: the Byzantine dating system". November 2006.
  6. European folklore has maintained the names of the Magi to be Balthasar, Melchior, and Gaspar (or Caspar)
  7. The Syrian "Book of the Bee" suggests the names of the Nativity Sheperds to be Asher, Zebulun, Justus, Nicodemus, Joseph, Barshabba, and Jose.