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Creation to New Testament period

Note 12 August 2011. The Byzantine Anno Mundi era was the official calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. AD 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate. At present, this article is in the process of converting dates from various sources into the one accepted calendar of the Orthodox Church. This note will be removed once these dates have been reconciled and can be verified/trusted. The computation is derived from the Septuagint [1] version of the Bible, and places the date of Creation at 5509 years before the Incarnation. Its year one, the supposed date of creation, is 1 September 5509 to 31 August 5508 BC. The Etos Kosmou ("Year of the Universe") is the corresponding concept in the Byzantine calendar.

Creation (1 AM) to the Great Flood

  • 1 AM / 5509 BC: Creation of the World, including Adam and Eve.
  • 230 AM / 5278 BC: Seth, Son of Adam, born.
  • 930 AM / 4578 BC: Death of Adam (Aged 930 yo)
  • c, Birth of Abraham in Mesopotamia
    • 1948 AM: standard Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible
    • 2247 AM: Samaritan version of the Torah
    • 3312 AM: Greek Septuagint text
      • Death of Sarah (Aged 127 yo), buried by Abraham in the Cave of the Patriarchs.
  • c, death of Abraham (Aged 175 yo) in Canaan.
Sorting out the Judges, from the Book of Judges
Mentions judges such as Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, Gideon, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, and Samson

Great Flood to Abraham

  • 2262 AM / 3247 BC: c, The Great Flood [Genesis 7 and 8].
  • 2263 AM / 3246 BC: c, Adam and his family exit the Ark [Genesis 8:13-14].
  • 2264 AM / 3245 BC: c, Arpachshad, son of Shem (100 yo), is born [Genesis 11:10].

Abraham to New Testament

1550 to 1200 BC
temporary list of activity by biblical figures.

10th century BC (1000 BC to )

  • 1000 BC: Menelik, son of Solomon and Queen of Sheba, visits Jerusalem and steals the Ark of the Covenant (Ethiopian tradition).
  • 970 BC: Death of the holy and righteous King David.

9th century BC (900 BC to end of 801 BC)

  • The Holy Prophet Hosea (First of the Minor Prophets), tribe of Issachar, October 17.

8th century BC (800 BC to end of 701 BC)

7th century BC (700 BC and ends 601 BC)

  • The Holy Prophet Nahum (7th of the 12 Minor prophets) from the village of Elkosh, died 45 years old, December 1.
  • 609 BC Death of King Josiah, d. June/July.

6th century BC (600 BC and ends 501 BC)

  • 597 BC: Deportation of Jews (first). King Jeconiah.
  • 586 BC: Babylonian captivity for the Jews begins. Jerusalem falls to the Babylonians, ending the Kingdom of Judah. The conquerors destroy the Temple of Jerusalem and exile the land's remaining inhabitants.
  • 582 BC: Possible deportation of Jews (third).
  • 538 BC: Forced exile.
  • 536 BC: The holy prophet Daniel receives an angelic visitor.[2]

5th century BC (500 BC and ends 401 BC)

Note: During this period, both Ezra and Nehemiah, leaders of the Jews, return from Babylonian Exile.

  • 458 BC: Ezra leads about 1,500 Judean exiles living in Babylon to their home city of Jerusalem, where he enforces observance of the Torah and cleanses the community of mixed marriages. Described in the Book of Ezra 8:2-14.
  • 459 BC: Ezra leads the Jews from Babylon to Jerusalem (second lot).
  • 413 BC: c, Death of Nehemiah.

4th century BC (400 BC and ends 301 BC)

  • 332 BC: Alexander the Great enters Jerusalem.

3rd century BC (300 BC and ends 201 BC)

2nd century BC (200 BC and ends 101 BC)

Last century BC (100 BC and ends 1 BC)

  • 19 BC: c, 16 BC Presentation of the Theotokos, at the age of three.
  • 16 BC: c, 9 BC According to Orthodox tradition Joachim and Anna retire to Wâdî Qilt located in the desert between Jerusalem and Jericho.
  • 12 BC: c, 9 BC The dormition of St. Anna, the mother of the Theotokos, July 25 [4]

5509 AM Byzantine Calendar

The Byzantine Calendar is set on the basis that Jesus Christ was thought to have been born in the year 5509 Annus Mundi (AM) - the year since the creation of the world according to the Spetuagint dating.[5]

  • 4 BC:
    • c, Christ is born in Bethlehem, April 17;
    • The Magi [6], appear in Matthew 2; The Nativity Sheperds [7], appear in Luke 2.
    • Other events: Apostle Paul born in Tarsus; Herod the Great dies.
Unknown dates:

This template displays the series box and includes the article in Category:Saints
  1. English Translation of the Greek Septuagint Bible, by Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton 1851.
  2. Daniel 10:4
  3. Saint Ioachim and Anna brought gifts to the Lord's temple in Jerusalem on the yearly Feast of the Dedication (Hanukkah) and Feast of Lights (c.f. Macc 4:52-59; 2 Macc 10:5).
  4. St. Ioachim lived for 80 years and Anna for 79. They lived for around seven years after Mary was dedicated, making the holy Theotokos around 10 when they reposed.
  5. Paul Stephenson. "Translations from Byzantine Sources: The Imperial Centuries, c.700-1204: John Skylitzes, "Synopsis Historion": The Year 6508, in the 13th Indiction: the Byzantine dating system". November 2006.
  6. European folklore has maintained the names of the Magi to be Balthasar, Melchior, and Gaspar (or Caspar)
  7. The Syrian "Book of the Bee" suggests the names of the Nativity Sheperds to be Asher, Zebulun, Justus, Nicodemus, Joseph, Barshabba, and Jose.