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The Seventh Ecumenical Council took place in Nicaea in 787 AD, and is also known as the Second Council of Nicaea. This Ecumenical Council dealt with the icons.

The controversy that this Council addressed was more than a struggle over different views of Christian art. Deeper issues were involved, and it is these the Council addressed: The character of Christ's human nature; the Christian attitude toward matter; and the true meaning of Christian redemption and the salvation of the entire material universe

The Seventh Ecumenical Council upheld the iconodules' postion in AD 787. They proclaimed: Icons... are to be kept in churches and honored with the same relative veneration as is shown to other material symbols, such as the 'precious and life-giving Cross' and the Book of the Gospels. The 'doctrine of icons' is tied to the Orthodox teaching that all of God's creation is to be redeemed and glorified, both spiritual and material. This was upheld in the Triumph of Orthodoxy, celebrated on the First Sunday of Lent.

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