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Chrismation is the sacrament by which a baptized person is granted the gift of the Holy Spirit through anointing with oil. As Baptism is a personal participation in the death and Resurrection of Christ, so Chrismation is a personal participation in the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost.

Chrismation is often considered the equivalent to Confirmation in the western practise. Although normally administered in conjunction with Baptism, in some cases chrismation alone may be used to receive converts to Orthodoxy through the exercise of economia. The Sacrament of Chrismation can be observed in the New Testament: the Acts of the Apostles show us that a sort of Confirmation was going on even in the early Church.

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