St. Catherine's Monastery
is a monastery
on the Sinai peninsula, at the foot of Mount Sinai, in Egypt. It was built at the site where Moses
is believed to have seen the Burning Bush
, which is alive and on the grounds. Though it is commonly known as Saint Catherine's
, the actual name of the monastery is the Monastery of the Transfiguration
. It is sometimes also known as the Monastery of the Burning Bush
. It is the oldest Christian monastery in the world.
Originally founded by the Emperor St. Justinian the Great in 527, the monastery has weathered numerous changes in the history of the region, including the invasion of Islam, whose founder Mohammed himself guaranteed protection for the monastery. (The monastery still has possession of a written document from Mohammed to prove it.) In the 9th century, the site was associated with St. Catherine of Alexandria (whose relics were miraculously transported there) and it became a favourite site for pilgrimages.
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