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John Chrysostom.jpg|100px|left]]Our father among the saints '''[[ John Chrysostom]]''' ( 347- 407), [[Archbishop]] of Constantinople, was a notable Christian [[ bishop]] and preacher from the fourth and fifth centuries in Syria and Constantinople. He is famous for eloquence in public speaking and his denunciation of abuse of authority in the Church and in the [[ Roman Empire]] of the time. He had notable [[ asceticism|ascetic]] sensibilities. |+|
Our father among the '''[]''' (-), [[Archbishop]] of , was a [] and and . He and of in the Church [] of [].
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|−|His final words were "Glory be to God for all things!" After his death he was named '''Chrysostom''', which comes from the Greek ''chrysostomos'', "golden-mouthed." The [[Orthodox Church ]]honors him as a [[saint]] ( [[feast day]], [[November 13]]) and counts him among the [[Three Holy Hierarchs]] (feast day, [[January 30]]), together with Saints [[ Basil the Great]] and [[Gregory the Theologian]]. |+|
to God his , (, and the , , [] and .
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is also recognized by the [[ Roman Catholic Church]] , which considers him a saint and Doctor of the Church, and the [[ Church of England]], both of whom commemorate him on [[September 13]]. His [[ relics]] were stolen from Constantinople by Crusaders in 1204 (commemorated on [[January 27]]) and brought to Rome, but were returned on [[November 27]], 2004, by [[Pope]] [[John Paul II]]. |+|
He the [] of the , and the [] , of . []in on .
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'''''Recently featured:''' [[Filioque]], [[Theotokos]], [[Basil the Great
]], [[Autocephaly]] . Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.'' |+|
'''''Recently featured:''' [[Filioque]], [[Theotokos]], [[Basil the Great]]. Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.''
Revision as of 17:12, December 23, 2005
Our father among the saints Gregory Palamas (1296-1359), Archbishop of Thessalonica, was a monk of Mount Athos in Greece (at Vatopedi Monastery and Esphigmenou Monastery), and later became Archbishop of Thessalonica. He was a preeminent theologian and a proponent of hesychastic theology. His feast days in the Church are November 14 and the second Sunday of Great Lent.
He maintained the Orthodox doctrine that it remains impossible to know God in his essence (God in himself), but possible to know God in his energies (to know what God does, and who he is in relation to the creation and to man), as God reveals himself to humanity. In doing so, he made reference to the Cappadocian Fathers and other early Christian writers.
He continually stressed the Biblical vision of the human person as a united whole, both body and soul. Thus, he argued that the physical side of hesychastic prayer was an integral part of the contemplative monastic way, and that the claim by some of the monks of seeing the uncreated light was indeed legitimate. Like St. Simeon the New Theologian, he also laid great stress in his spiritual teaching on the vision of the divine light.
Recently featured: John Chrysostom, Filioque, Theotokos, Basil the Great. Newly featured articles are presented every Friday.