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|−|'''''[[ Filioque]]''' '' is a Latin word meaning "and the Son" which was added to the [[ Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]] by the [[ Church of Rome]] in the 11th century, one of the major factors leading to the [[ Great Schism]] between East and West. This inclusion in the Creedal article regarding the [[ Holy Spirit]] thus states that the Spirit "proceeds from the Father '''''and the Son'''''. " |+|
'''[]''' [] [] in of the the [] . [] .
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|−|Its inclusion in the Creed is a violation of the [[ canons]] of the [[ Third Ecumenical Council]] in 431, which forbade and [[ anathema]] tized any additions to the Creed, a prohibition which was reiterated at the [[ Eighth Ecumenical Council]] in 879-880. This word was not included by the [[ First Ecumenical Council|Council of Nicea]] nor of [[ Second Ecumenical Council|Constantinople]], and most in the [[ Orthodox Church]] consider this inclusion to be a [[ heresy]]. |+|
the [][] [], []the [] [], [] [].
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|−|The description of the ''filioque'' as a heresy was iterated most clearly and definitively by the great [[Church Fathers|Father]] and [[ Pillars of Orthodoxy|Pillar]] of the Church, St. [[ Photius the Great]], in his ''On the Mystagogy of the Holy Spirit''. He describes it as a heresy of [[ Triadology]], striking at the very heart of what the Church believes about God. |+|
by the [[Church]]and [[of ]]of . [], [], .
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'''''Recently featured:''' [[Theotokos]], [[Basil the Great]], [[Autocephaly
]], [[Afterfeast]]. Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.'' |+|
'''''Recently featured:''' [[Theotokos]], [[Basil the Great]], [[Autocephaly]] . Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.''
Revision as of 17:27, December 16, 2005
Our father among the saints John Chrysostom
of Constantinople, was a notable Christian bishop
and preacher from the fourth and fifth centuries in Syria and Constantinople. He is famous for eloquence in public speaking and his denunciation of abuse of authority in the Church and in the Roman Empire
of the time. He had notable ascetic
His final words were "Glory be to God for all things!" After his death he was named Chrysostom, which comes from the Greek chrysostomos, "golden-mouthed." The Orthodox Church honors him as a saint (feast day, November 13) and counts him among the Three Holy Hierarchs (feast day, January 30), together with Saints Basil the Great and Gregory the Theologian.
He is also recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, which considers him a saint and Doctor of the Church, and the Church of England, both of whom commemorate him on September 13. His relics were stolen from Constantinople by Crusaders in 1204 (commemorated on January 27) and brought to Rome, but were returned on November 27, 2004, by Pope John Paul II.
Recently featured: Filioque, Theotokos, Basil the Great, Autocephaly . Newly featured articles are presented every Friday.