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Autocephaly]]''' ( literally "self- headed") is the status of a church within the [[ Orthodox Church]] whose [[ primate|primatial]] bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop. When an [[ ecumenical council]] or a high-ranking [[ bishop]], such as a [[ patriarch]] or other [[ primate]], releases an ecclesiastical province from the authority of that bishop while the newly independent church remains in [[ full communion]] with the hierarchy to which it then ceases to belong, the council or primate is granting '''autocephaly'''. Historically, however, autocephaly is not always obtained in such a manner. |+|
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'''''Recently featured:''' [[Afterfeast]], [[Old Calendarists]], [[Orthodoxy in Australasia
]], [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York]]. Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.'' |+|
'''''Recently featured:''' [[Afterfeast]], [[Old Calendarists]], [[Orthodoxy in Australasia]]. Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented every '''Friday'''.''
Revision as of 15:29, November 25, 2005
Our father among the saints Basil the Great
(ca. 330 - January 1
, 379), was bishop
of Caesarea, a leading churchman in the 4th century. The Church considers him a saint
and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs
, together with Saints Gregory the Theologian
(Gregory Nazianzus) and John Chrysostom
. Basil, Gregory the Theologian, and Basil's brother Saint Gregory of Nyssa
are called the Cappadocian Fathers
. The Roman Catholic Church
also considers him a saint and calls him a Doctor of the Church.
Basil's memory is celebrated on January 1; he is also remembered on January 30 with the Three Holy Hierarchs. In Greek tradition, he is supposed to visit children and give presents every January 1. This festival is also marked by the baking of Saint Basil's bread (Gr. Vasilópita), a sweetbread with a coin hidden inside.
Recently featured: Autocephaly, Afterfeast, Old Calendarists, Orthodoxy in Australasia. Newly featured articles are presented every Friday.