Difference between revisions of "Tabernacle (liturgical)"

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A '''tabernacle''', also known as an '''artophorion''', is a container specifically utilized to reserve the [[Eucharist]], the presence of [[Jesus Christ]].
== History ==
In the days of ancient Israel, the [[Tabernacle (biblical)|Tabernacle]] was the earthly dwelling of God, where the [[Ark of the Covenant]] was housed. Therefore, the ancient Tabernacle prefigures the tabernacles used today in Orthodox worship.
In early Christianity, [[presbyter]]s and even lay people took bread consecrated at Eucharistic celebrations to their homes in order to give it to the sick and others unable to attend the celebration. But when the [[Edict of Milan]] ended persecution, the practice was established of keeping the Eucharist only in [[church]]es and no longer in people's homes. Later as liturgical implements became more specialized, the tabernacle was made as a permananent vessel for the Eucharist.
== Present uses ==
In the [[Orthodox Church]], the reserve sacrament is kept in the tabernacle on the [[altar]] at all times. The tabernacle is usually elaborately decorated, normally wrought with gold, silver, or wood and precious adornments. The tabernacle is often shaped like a miniature church building. Every year on [[Holy Week#Holy Thursday|Holy Thursday]], the priest consumes whatever is left of the reserve sacrament and places some of the sacrament left over from the Holy Thursday [[Divine Liturgy]] into the tabernacle. The presence of Christ in the tabernacle is always indicated by a vigil lamp, burning perpetually.
==Connection to the Old Testament tabernacle==
#The biblical tabernacle  included the enshrined leftover manna. The new tabernacle contains the reserve sacrament, the Mystical Supper.
#The biblical tabernacle  included  the stone tablets of the ten Commandments, the way, the law.  The new tabernacle contains the reserve sacrament, the Son of God, who said, "I am the way," the fulfillment of the Law.
#The biblical tabernacle  included  the Rod of the Patriarch Aaron, confirming the Levitical priesthood.  The new tabernacle contains the presence of Jesus Christ, the Church's new High Priest.
== External links ==
*[[w:Church tabernacle|Wikipedia:Church tabernacle]]
*[http://www.margaretbarker.com/ Temple Theology], a site maintained by Margaret Barker
*[http://marquette.edu/maqom The Jewish Roots of Christian Mysticism], located on Marquette University's server
[[Category:Liturgical objects]]

Revision as of 11:37, June 10, 2008