St. Edward the Martyr Orthodox Brotherhood (Surrey, England)
|St. Edward the Martyr Orthodox Brotherhood|
|Jurisdiction||Holy Synod in Resistance|
|Approx. size||5 monks|
|Location||Brookwood, Woking, Surrey, England|
|Music used||Byzantine Chant|
|Feastdays celebrated||18/31 March|
|Official website||Official website|
The St. Edward the Martyr Orthodox Brotherhood is a monastery of the Holy Synod in Resistance a ways south of London, England. It was established in 1982 in the Brookwood Cemetery (the largest cemetery in Europe) in Surrey to care for the relics of St. Edward the Martyr, King of England. The monastic community, led by Archimandrite Alexis, is small and largely made up of native Britons; on Sundays and feast days, laypeople (who are without a parish) often come to the monastery. Until January of 2007, the monastery was part of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
The monastery publishes a monthly magazine, The Shepherd, which is available with a suggested donation.
On the property, there were originally two chapels and five acres of land within Brookwood Cemetery. The larger chapel, now the church and shrine of St Edward, was originally built in c.1909-10 as the second Anglican chapel. The smaller chapel was built in 1854 for the opening of Brookwood Cemetery and designed by Sydney Smirke, and was the original Anglican chapel. Now, however, the smaller chapel has been converted for parochial purposes and for living quarters for members of the Brotherhood.
- 1931 - Archaeological investigation of the site of Shaftesbury Abbey unearths relics of St Edward. After study, these remains were deemed to be those of St Edward, based on the injuries St Edward received. John Wilson-Claridge, director of excavations and owner of the excavation site, begins years of negotiations with major Christian bodies to find a suitable resting place, based on two criteria - recognition of relics as those of a saint, and the establishment of a shrine to honour the relics of St Edward.
- 1970s - In the late 1970s, detailed negotiations took place between Wilson-Claridge and the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
Beginnings to Enshrinement
- 1982 Mar 18 - Archimandrite Alexis and another monk move to the location of the Monastery in Brookwood. Daily services begin a few days later, on the feast day of the Holy Martyrs. The property had within two former churches (one practically dilapidated) and five acres of land. Brookwood was chosen because there were small numbers of Orthodox who had no church. The intention was purely to establish a shrine and Orthodox cemetery, however, a monastic community began, and attendants eventually began to sizable enough to be called a mission. Non-monastic attendance starts at approximately eight.
- 1982 - Numerous donations were received internationally, enough to renovate the larger church in time to receive the relics of St Edward.
- 1982 - A few days before the Enshrinement of the Relics was due to take place, the donation of the relics to the Brotherhood was challenged in the High Court.
- 1982 Sep 14 - The judge gave permission to proceed with the Enshrinement so long as the relics were to be kept in a bank vault until sufficient measures were taken to ensure security of the relics.
- 1982 Sep 15-16 - Enshrinement ceremony, celebrated by Bishop Gregory (Grabbe).
- 1988 Apr - Ruling on what security measures required was received.
- 1988 Dec - Relics placed in the church of the Monastery, where they remain.
A Developing Community
- 1989 Sep - Community numbers three monks (including the abbot) and one novice. Lay attendance on Sundays and Feastdays numbers approximately 25.
- 2001 Mar 31 - The one thousandth anniversary of the glorification of St Edward the Martyr. Hierarchical Liturgy led by Archbishop Mark of Germany.
- 2002 - Community numbers approximately five monks (including the abbot).
- 2003 - Brotherhood granted permission to build a new building and additional accomodation.
- 2007 - Monastery leaves the ROCOR, joining the Greek Old Calendarist Holy Synod in Resistance
The Brotherhood chants the services daily at the shrine of St. Edward, augmented on Sundays and feast days by the parishioners of the mission parish attached to the monastery.
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday
- 7:00am: Matins.
- 6:00pm: Ninth Hour and Vespers
- Feastday: 8:30am: Divine Liturgy.
- 7:00am: Matins.
- 6:00pm: Ninth Hour and Vespers, then Supplicatory Canon to the Mother of God.
- 7:00am: Matins.
- 6:00pm: Vigil.
- 7:30am: Matins and Divine Liturgy (~9:45am)
- 2:00pm: Ninth Hour and Vespers
- w:St Edward the Martyr Orthodox Church on Wikipedia
- St. Edward the Martyr Orthodox Brotherhood (monastery site)
- Information about the Monastery by Archim. Alexis, Sept 1989.
- Mystery Worshipper Report on a vespers at the monastery chapel.
- St Edward Brotherhood, from The Brookwood Cemetery Society.
- St Edward the Martyr, from The Brookwood Cemetery Society.
- Building Appeal for a new Brotherhood House, from The Brookwood Cemetery Society.
- Article about the defection from ROCOR to the Holy Synod in Resistance.
Links about the High Court injunction
- The Saga of the Relics of the Martyred Boy-King from Orthodox America Issue 44, Vol. V, No. 4. October 1984.
- Bones of Contention - St. Edward the Martyr from Orthodox America Issue 57, Vol. VI, No. 7. February, 1986.