The origins of this icon can be traced back to a battle in Shklova, in the Mogilev Province, during 1640; it is not known who painted the original icon carrying the name "Assuage My Sorrows" although it is presumed that it is was brought to Russia from a Russian Monastery from Mount Athos. During the reign of [[
Tsar Michael Fyodorovitch]] (1613-1645) a great battle took place, near Shklova, in which the Russians defeated the Poles. In honour of this defeat a copy of the miracle-working image was translated by the Cossacks to Moscow and placed in the Church of St. Nicholas in Zamoskovoretchie <ref>This church has since been demolished and no longer exists</ref> in the Pupishevo district of Moscow.
Tradition relates that the first time this
Icon was glorified was in the second half of the 18th century. The miraculous power was revealed through a certain woman who had been suffered from a weakness in her hands and feet. Physicians were not able to help her with her ailment and in a vision, she was told to go to Moscow and pray before the icon of the Mother of God bearing the inscription "Assuage my Sorrow;" in the same vision, she was shown the Icon. Not finding that Icon in the church, she turned to the priest for help, who then brought all of the ancient icons down from the bell-tower. One of the icons bore the inscription "Assuage my Sorrow." As soon as the woman saw the Icon she exclaimed: “It is she! It is she!” . After a moleben the ailing woman felt so much stronger that she was able to stand and leave the church unaided.
This miracle occurred on January
25th (Julian Calendar), 1760. Since then, a Feast day in honor of the "Assuage my Sorrow" Icon has been observed. In the church of St Nicholas, the icon was installed in an appropriate place, and an altar was dedicated in its honor.
From all over the city, the faithful and suffering came to Zamoskovorechie to bow down before the newly-revealed icon, and God’s power was revealed in many other miracles. An especially great number of
miracles happened during the plague epidemic of 1771. Many copies of the miraculous Icon were made and distributed throughout all Russia; in Moscow alone, four other icons bearing the same name were glorified by miracles.
;Troparion (Tone 5)
For thou dost drive away the sickness of men, And quench the afflictions of sinners.
We have obtained hope and support in thee, O most holy Virgin.