Open main menu

OrthodoxWiki β



8 bytes added, 13:03, October 28, 2008
some cleanup
'''Panentheism''' (from [[Greek language|Greek]] : (Theós) "God"; "all-in-God") is a belief system which posits that God exists and interpenetrates every part of nature, and timelessly extends beyond as well. Panentheism is distinguished from [[pantheism]], which holds that God is synonymous with the material universe.<ref>{{cite web|url=
|title= The Worldview of Panentheism
- R. Totten, M.Div - © 2000| publisher=Web page| accessdate=2007-10-14}}</ref>
== God and Creation ==
In panentheism, God is viewed as creator and/or animating force behind the universe, and the source of universal truth. This concept of God is closely associated with the ''[[Logos]]'' as stated in the 5th century [[BC]] works of [[Heraclitus]] (ca. [[535 BC|535]]&ndashmdash;[[475 BC]]), in which the ''Logos'' pervades the [[cosmos]] and whereby all thoughts and things originate; e.g., ''"He who hears not me but the Logos will say: All is one."'' A similar statement attributed to [[Jesus Christ|Jesus]] by the [[Gospel of John|John 10:30]].
While pantheism asserts that God and the universe are coextensive, panentheism claims that God is greater than the universe and that the universe is contained within God. Panentheism holds that God is the "supreme affect and effect" of the universe. See [[Cosmotheism]][]
Most specifically, these Churches teach that God is not the "watchmaker God" or mechanical God of philosophy found in Western European Enlightenment. Likewise, they teach that God is not the "stage magician God" who only shows up when performing miracles. Instead, the teaching of both these Churches is that God is not merely necessary to have created the universe, but that His active presence is necessary in some way for every bit of creation, from smallest to greatest, to continue to exist at all. That is, God's energies maintain all things and all beings, even if those beings have explicitly rejected Him. His love of creation is such that he will not withdraw His presence, which would be the ultimate form of slaughter, not merely imposing death but ending existence, altogether. By this token, the entirety of creation is sanctified, and thus no part of creation can be considered innately evil. This does not deny the existence of evil in a fallen universe, only that it is not an innate property of creation.
This Orthodox Christian panentheism is distinct from a fundamentalist panentheism in that it maintains an ontological gulf or distance between the created and the Uncreated(see [[gnosiology]]).
== See Also ==
* [[Philo of Alexandra]]
== External links link ==Wikipedia article *[ Wikipedia: Panentheism]