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Female feticide

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'''Female feticide''' is the termination of the life of a fetus within the womb on the grounds that its sex is female. '''Female feticide''' is thus the conjunction of two ethical evils: abortion and gender bias. A fetus’s right to life outweighs the parents' rights to wealth, pride, or convenience, whether the fetus is male or female. Gender-based [[abortion]], whether of a male or a female fetus has also been termed The term "sex selective abortion"is preferable to the term feticide, since it points to both of the ethical evils of this practice.
Female feticide has replaced female [[infanticide]] as a means to reduce or eliminate female offspring. In societies where women's status is very low, many female fetuses are rejected. Thus, perhaps 300 million of the total number of aborted female fetuses have been victims of female feticide. This number is based on a predicted ratio of boy-to-girl births and does not take into account the male and female fetuses that are aborted for non-gender-based reasons.
In countries such as China and India, the practice of infanticide continued into the 20th century. However, the 1970s saw a dramatic drop in the girl-to-boy ratio in India, when abortion was legalized and ultrasound technology enabled families to determine the sex of their child by the fourth month of pregnancy. By 2005 the ratio slipped to 814 girls for every 1,000 boys, as opposed to the natural rate of 952 girls for every 1,000 boys.
From the time ultrasound technology was introduced in China, approximately 50 million girl fetuses have been victims of feticide. In India the number is estimated at 43 million. Approximately seven million more are credited to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, and South Korea. Because China and India account for 40% of the world’s population, an imbalance in these two countries has a profound impact on global population statistics.¹
==Case Study: India==
What distinguishes female feticide from the problem of abortion in general is a lack of due respect, status, and freedom to women in Indian society. Therefore, the treatment of the problem of gender-specific abortion, or female feticide, must confront changing of the way society envisions the relationship of women and men in the home and in society. As women's status increases, female feticide will decrease, and vice versa.
==Footnotes==
1. "India's imbalance of sexes," ''The Washington Times'', February 26, 2007.
==Further Reading==
*''May You Be the Mother of a Hundred Sons'', Elizabeth Bumiller.