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'''Chrismation''' (sometimes called '''confirmation''') is the [[sacrament]] by which a
person who has been [[baptism|baptized]] is granted the gift of the [[Holy Spirit]] through anointing with oil. As Baptism is a person's participation in the death and [[Pascha|Resurrection]] of [[Jesus Christ|Christ]], so chrismation is a person’s participation in the coming of the Holy Spirit at [[Pentecost]].
==Theology and Practice ==
Unlike in the Western churches (e.g., [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]] and [[Anglican Communion|Anglican]]), where confirmation is typically reserved to those of "the age of reason," Chrismation in the Orthodox Church is normally administered to infants immediately after [[baptism]] and immediately (or at least shortly) before
one’s first reception of Holy Communion.
Chrismation is practiced by anointing the new Christian with '''chrism''' which is holy oil (Gk. '''''myron'''''). The myron is a "mixture of forty sweet-smelling substances and pure olive oil" (Gialopsos, 35). The Christian is anointed with this oil in the sign of the Cross on his forehead, eyes, nostrils, mouth, ears, breast, hands and feet. Each time, the priest administering the sacrament says, "The Seal and Gift of the Holy Spirit."