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The '''[[w:Holy Synod of Milan|Holy Synod of Milan]]''' originated as a [[diocese]] for Western Europe of an [[Old Calendarist]] Greek Orthodox Church (see also ''[http://orthodoxwiki.org/Old_Calendarist#The_Florinite.2FMatthewite_schism Florinites]''). The full name of this jurisdiction is '''Autonomous Orthodox Church of [[Milan]], Western Europe'''.
The diocese was granted a [[tomos]] of [[autonomy]] in 1984 from [[Archbishop Auxentios]] in order to pursue missionary work among the non-Orthodox people of the West. The title of the Synod at this time was the ''Metropolia of Western Europe''. After the transference of its first Chief Hierarch, Metropolitan Gabriel of Portugal, to the [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] [[Church of Poland]], Bishop Evloghios of Milan was chosen as second Chief Hierarch and elevated to the rank of [[metropolitan]].
BIGINNING OF THE COMMUNION WITH THE UKRANIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH==
With the establishment of '''full communion''' between the [[Ukranian Orthodox Church in the U.S.A.]] and the Church of Milan in '''1989''', the
ecclesiology of the Archbishop Evloghios became manifestly Moderate. He was in full communion with Metropolitan [[Mstyslav]] (after First [[Patriarch]] of All Ukraine), manifestally ecumenist and in full communion with Holy See [[Constantinople]]. Then [[Metropolitan]] Evloghios was in full communion with the historical [[Metropolitan Ioan Bornachuk]] of [[w:Lviv|Lviv]], right hand of [[Mstyslav]] and after with [[Patriarch Volodymir]] of Kiev (second Patriarch of the Holy See of St. Andrew).For two years was in full communion with His Holiness Patriarch Filaret of Kiev.
Today Metropolitan Evloghios remains at the helm of the Holy Synod of bishops of the Church of Milan, which comprises four [[diocese]]s, in Europe, as well as missionary deaneries in England, Spain, France and Canada.
'''In 1992''', [[Metropolitan Ioan Bornachuk]] of Lviv, assured Metropolitan Evloghios about the full communion between the two churches that is [[Ukranian Autocephalous Orthodox Church in Ukraine]] and [[Autonomous Orthodox Church of Milan, Western Europe and Canada]].
'''In October 1993''', Metropolitan Evloghios, as Primate of the Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of [[Milan]] and Western Europe, was invited in
His dignity of First Hierarch in full communion with the [[Ukranian Orthodox Church in the U.S.A.]] to partecipate at the sobor in Kiev for the election of the second Patriarch after [[Mstyslav]].
'''On November 18, 1993''',
is confirmed by the Patriarch Volodimir the full right of Metropolitan Evloghios to be part of the Holy Synod of the [[Ukranian Orthodox Church]] - Kievan Patriarchate. On March 20, 1994 Metropolitan Evloghios, receives from the hands of Patriarch Volodimir the Tomos of Autonomy[http://mediolanum.me/canada/].
The title reconfirmed by [[Patriarch Volodymir]] through a new Tomos of Autonomy (1994)<ref>[http://mediolanum.me/canada/ Православна Церква Західної Європи и Канади].</ref> is: ''Archbishop of Milan and Longobardy - Metropolitan of Aquileia, Western Europe and Canada.''
'''On December 25, 1996''' Patriarch Filaret
intimate with a letter sent to the Canadian episcopate , Metropolitan Evloghios not accept American bishops under his omoforion (british island).
'''On December 27, 1996''' the Holy Synod of Milan responds to Patriarch [[w:Filaret (Denysenko)|Filaret (Denysenko)]] that it intended to accept the American
episcopate with Chirotesia (John Lobue and Hilarion of Austin), despite the threats and formalizes the final break (protocol 36/1996 of December 27, 1996). Then the full communion with His Holiness Patriarch [[w:Filaret (Denysenko)|Filaret (Denysenko)]], ceased on December 27, 1996, before he was excomunicated from the Patriarch of Moscow Alexij II.
== 1997 Break of the relation with the Patriarchate of Kiev
Since 1997 (before the breakdown of relationships with the [[Patriarchate of Kiev]], the Milan Synod included a number of [[Western Rite]] communities, mainly in the United States, who worship according to pre-schismatic (historically Orthodox) liturgical traditions with the support of the Metropolitan and of the [[Holy Synod]] of Bishops.
The [[Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of North and South America and the British Isles]] was an Old Calendarist jurisdiction which was originally comprised of the Archdioceses of America and the British Deanery of the Holy Synod of Milan. It was granted "Autonomous status" on February 14/27, 2011 through Decree #542 of the Milan Synod. The Tomos of Autonomy was definitively suspended by the Holy Synod of Milan and the bishopric of New York was suppressed. His former bishop John defrocked
. through Decree #639 of the Milan Synod becouse he joined with the russian group called "[[ raphaelites]]"
== Ecclesiastical status ==
As with all of the [[Old Calendarist]] jurisdictions, the Milan Synod is not currently in communion with the mainstream Orthodox churches. During 2011 the [[Orthodox Church in Italy]] joined the Milan Synod, two years after the death of its founder, Metropolitan [[Antonio (de Rosso) of Ravenna]].
The Milan Synod uses the [[Julian calendar]] exclusively, and "firmly resists the [[heresy|heresies]] of false [[ecumenism]] and trans-religious [[w:syncretism|syncretism]]
, in fact is moderately traditionalist.
* Metropolitan [[Evloghios (Hessler) of Milan]], First Hierarch
* Archbishop Boris of Germany
== Hierarchy 1995-96 ==
− The composition of the Synod in 1996, before the breakdown of relationship between Milan and Kiev (with Patriarch Filaret (
This Hierarchy is officially published in the bulletins of the Patriarchate of Kiev (see website of the Synod of Milan where they are currently available)
::* Metropolitan EVLOGHIOS of Milan, First Hierarch
::* Archbishop GREGORIJ OF TURIN (deceased)
[[Bishop Vassilij of Ostia ]] (now of Ravenna) ::* Bishop [[Vladimir of St. Julius Island ]]
[[Lazar (Puhalo) of Ottawa ]] ::* Bishop [[Varlaam (Novakshonoff) of Vancouver ]]
'''Православна Церква Милана, Аквілєї i Західної Європи и Канади'''[http://
mediolanum. me/ canada/]