Goulianos (Gr. Γουλιανός) or Sarotherodon or St. Peter's fish is a species of fish local to the Lake of Gennesaret (also known as Sea of Galilee). This term is taken from the account in the New Testament about the Apostle Peter catching a fish that carried a shekel coin in its mouth (Matthew 17:24−27). However, no species of fish is named in that passage of the Bible.
While this name is also applied to Zeus faber, a marine fish not found in the area, one Tilapia (Sarotherodon galilaeus galilaeus) is known to be found in Sea of Galilee where the account took place. This particular species is known to have been the target of small-scale artisanal fisheries in the area for thousands of years. It has on the head (the bone) and below the skin, the Baptism of Christ in the Jordan River depicted.
- Tilapia at Wikipedia.