The title was also used historically by the pre-schism Church of Rome (and its modern descendent, the Roman Catholic Church) and continues to be used by the Oriental Orthodox Coptic Orthodox Church. The Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria holds the title of Pope, but usually uses Patriarch.
Old Believers seem to use the word "pope" as a synonym for priest. However old believer popes are usually addressed as babushka or father.
- The current Orthodox Pope of Alexandria is Theodoros II.