Panagia Ierosolymitissa (Gr. Most Holy Lady of Jerusalem) is a very popular icon of the Theotokos because it overlooks the empty tomb of the Most Holy Theotokos in Gethsemane's - blessing the numerous pilgrims to the Holy Land of Jerusalem.
This underground tomb is situated in the Kidron Valley, Gethsemane, on the foothill of the Mount of Olives, where the Saviour often prayed with His disciples. It was there that the Apostles gathered and buried the most-pure body of the Mother of God. Her icon remains there as an endless spring of blessings for all the Christians, celebrated (or venerated) by the name 'Panagia Ierosolimitissa'.
Today, the church of the Dormition of the Virgin, the falling asleep, belongs to the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem and they share it also with the Armenian Apostolic Church. Some minor rights have also been given to the Syriac church, the Coptic church and the Abyssinians.
History of Icon
According to Holy Tradition this miraculous icon was painted through the revelation of the Holy Theotokos to a nun named Tatiana, according to sources in Gethsemane, perhaps around 1870. The story narrated is as follows:-
- In 1870, there lived a monastic iconographer called Tatiana. One night, a lady appeared to her in a vision saying, "Sister Tatiana, I have come so that you can paint me.". Tatiana replied, "Let it be Blessed Sister however I am an iconographer and not a painter.". The lady replied, "... well then, you should paint me using your iconographic style."
- Sister Tatiana was furious with the boldness of this ladies response and said, "I do not have any plank of wood to use". The lady then gave her the plank of wood the sister would need and told her to "paint".
- In obedience to her guest, the sister started her iconography. Sister Tatiana glanced at her guest, and she noticed the guests appearance transfigure in front of her. The lady's mantle started to turn into gold and her face was glowing intensely. This change in the appearance of the lady, worried Tatiana but the lady spoke to her, saying: "O Blessed Tatiana, you are the only person, after the Apostles and the Evangelist Luke, to have this opportunity to write an icon of me again.". Sister Tatiana then realised that she was in the presence of Our Holy Mother the Theotokos. In shock she awoke from her vision.
- She immediately went and informed her Mother Superior of the vision in detail. The Abbess did not believe in the story but told her to go to sleep and the following day she could paint an icon of the Panagia with her blessing.
- Tatianna returned to her cell and before entering she noticed a bright light shining through the door. She hastened to the Abbess, once again, to bring her to her cell to witness this light and understand that she was not lying about the visions. Together they returned to Tatianna's cell. Inside, they could smell a beautiful and heavenly fragrance and the light was so bright that only then did they realise that the aroma and the light were coming from an icon of the the Virgin Mary.
- The mysterious and miraculous appearance of the icon had the sisters in shock but Our Holy Mother the Theotokos appeared once more to Tatiana and said, "Now take me from here down to my home in Gethsemane of Jerusalem.". This is what the Abbess and the Sister did.
This "Acheiropoieto" (Gr. image not painted by hands) is now located exactly where the Panagia wanted it to be, in her 'home', her final resting place at her holy tomb in Gethsemane. The name Ierosolymitissa has since been adopted since it means the Most Holy Lady from Jerusalem and is exteremally miraculous.