Difference between revisions of "Ober-Procurator"

From OrthodoxWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (link)
(link of Russian source)
Line 45: Line 45:
*[[http://drevo.pravbeseda.ru/index.php?id=537)  ОБЕР-ПРОКУРОР]] (In Russian)
*[http://www.scribd.com/doc/15905479/Russian-Christianity-1894-to-1990  History of Russian Christianity 1894 to 1990]
*[http://www.scribd.com/doc/15905479/Russian-Christianity-1894-to-1990  History of Russian Christianity 1894 to 1990]

Revision as of 22:44, September 12, 2009

Ober-Procurator, Russian: обер-прокурор, ober-prokuror, also Chief Procurator, was the title of the lay supervisor of the Apostolic Governing Synod, who effectively was the lay head of the Russian Orthodox Church and a member of the Tsar's cabinet. The Synod was established as the highest hierarchical authority under Tsar Peter I's reorganization of the Church of Russia, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, that abolished the position of patriarch as the senior hierarch. The reorganization, in 1721, was Peter's means of his controlling the Church.

The position of Ober-Procurator was established in 1722 to supervise the activities of the Office of the Synod. An independent office of the Chief Procurator, with increased powers, was established in 1836.

The office of Ober-Procurator ceased to exist upon the abolition of the Department of Orthodox Denomination by the Provisional Government on August 5, 1917 of which the office of the Ober-Procurator and the Apostolic Governing Synod were part. The restoration of the position of Patriarch of Russia occurred during the Local Regional Russian Council of 1917-1918, with the election of Patriarch Tikhon on November 5, 1917.


See also