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Monophysitism is a Christological heresy that originated in the 5th century A.D. Its proponent was the monk Eutyches, who stated that in the person of Jesus Christ the human nature was absorbed into the divine nature like a cube of sugar dissolves in a cup of water therefore leaving Christ with one nature, the Divine (Greek mono- one, fysis - Nature). Eutyches formulated this doctrine in response to the heresy of Nestorianism, which divided the person of Christ almost to the point of having two seperate persons.

Monophysitism was condemned at the Fourth Ecumenical Council held in Chalcedon in the year 451.