Moldovan Orthodox Church
The Moldovan Orthodox Church is an autonomous church under the Church of Russia; it is to be distinguished from the Metropolis of Bessarabia, which is under the Church of Romania, but has jurisdiction over some parishes in Moldova.
More than 90% of the approximately 4.5 million citizens of Moldova marked on a Soviet census that they were Orthodox Christian. Of the two jurisdictions, the Moldovan Orthodox Church (under the Church of Russia) has 1,080 parishes, compared to the Metropolis of Bessarabia, which has 84 parishes. Additionally, the Old Rite Russian Orthodox Church make up approximately 3.6% of the population.
The Orthodox Church and its practises are entwined with the culture of Moldova; hence, many self-professed atheists routinely celebrate religious holidays and do various actions that would normally denote Orthodoxy; however, this is done out of culture.