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According to the Gospel of Matthew (2:1-16), the wise men or Magi followed a star to the birth place of Christ. It was written that they were from the east and that they brought three gifts to Christ; gold, frankincense and myrrh. Since there were three gifts its has been concluded that there were three Magi.

The names for the Magi are given in extra-Biblical tradition as Gaspar, Melchior and Balthasar. The feast day of the Magi is December 25.