Luke (Voino-Yasenetsky) of Simferopol and Crimea
Doctor of Medicine, Professor, and State Prize winner, since 1944 he was the Archbishop of Tambov and Michurinsk, and later of Simferopol and the Crimea. While he was serving the church as an Archbishop, he was also practising as a surgeon and taught and published many books and articles on regional anesthesia and surgery. He is now known to be a world-famous pioneering surgeon.
In November of 1995 he was announced as a Saint by the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, and was officialy glorified by the Patriarchate of Russia May 25, 1996. He is commemorated by the church June 11 the anniversary of his falling asleep in the Lord.
Living in the Ukraine during the oppressive period of communism, St. Luke stood out among his fellow physicians both as a surgeon and as a Christian. Even the communists coveted his talents for healing the body.
As a physician, he practised in a number of district hospitals in central Russia, serving as head physician in the Tashkent urban hospital and as a professor at Central Asia University. In the early 1920s he took vows and was ordained as a bishop. After his consecration as a Bishop he was arrested and tortured many times and sent into exile for his views and unwillingness to deny his faith in Christ. During his life he published 55 scientific works on surgery and anatomy, winning the state prize in 1946.
He wore his bishop's cassock in the operating room and refused to perform surgery without an icon. Through all of this St. Luke remained faithful to God to the end of his earthly life (+1961). The relics of St. Luke are kept at Ss. Peter & Paul Cathedral, Holy Trinity Convent of the Simferopol and Crimean Diocese. In addition, the Monastery of the Transfiguration of Christ (Sagmata) near the city of Thebes in Greece has portions of St. Luke's relics, and it has become a major pilgrimage of the Saint in Greece.
The Saints last words
In Greek (translation)
- Παιδιά μου πολύ σας παρακαλώ,
- Ντυθείτε με την πανοπλία που δίνει ο θεός για να μπορέσετε να αντιμετωπίσετε τα τεχνάσματα του διαβόλου.
- Δεν μπορείτε να φανταστείτε πόσο πονηρός είναι.
- Δεν έχουμε να παλέψουμε με ανθρώπους, αλλά με αρχές και εξουσίες δηλαδή με τα πονηρά πνεύματα.
- "Τον διάβολο δεν τον συμφέρει να δέχθεί κανείς την ύπαρξη του να σκέφτεται και να αισθάνεται οτι είναι κοντά στον άνθρωπο.
- Ενας κρυφός και άγνωστος εχθρός είναι πιό επικίνδυνος από έναν ορατό εχθρό.
- Ο πόσο μεγάλος και τρομερός είναι ο στρατός των δαιμόνων.
- Πόσο αμέτρητο είναι το μαύρο τους πλήθος!
- Αμετάβλητα,ακούραστα,μέρα και νύχτα,επιδιώκουν να σπρώξουν όλους εμάς που πιστεύουμε στο όνομα του Χρηστού,να μας παρασύρουν
- στό δρόμο της απιστίας της κακίας και της ασέβειας.
- Αυτοί οι αόρατοι εχθροί του Θεού,εχουν βάλει ως μοναδικό τους σκοπό μέρα και νύχτα να επιδιώκουν την καταστροφή μας.
- Όμως μη φοβάστε,πάρτε δύναμη απο το όνομα του Ιησού"
In English (translation)
- “My children, very much do I entreat you,
- Arm yourselves with the armor that God gives, That you may withstand the devil's tricks.
- You can't imagine how evil he is.
- We don't have to fight with people but with rulers and powers, in effect the evil spirits.
- Take care!
- It's no use to the devil for anyone to think and feel
- that he is close to him.
- A hidden and unknown enemy is more dangerous than a visible enemy.
- O how large and terrible is the army of the demons.
- How numberless is their black horde!
- Unchanged, untiring, day and night, seeking to push all of us who believe
- in the name of Christ, to lure us on the road of unbelief, of evil and of impiety.
- These unseen enemies of God have made their sole purpose, day and night to seek our destruction.
- But do not be afraid, take power from the name of Jesus.”
- Archdeacon Vasily Marushchak. The Blessed Surgeon: The Life of Saint Luke, Archbishop of Simferopol. 2nd Edition. Divine Ascent Press, 2008. (ISBN 978-0-97143924)
- Canadian Orthodox Messenger (OCA, Archdiocese of Canada). Lives of the Saints: Saint Luke, Archbishop of Simferopol. (Glorified 17-19 March 1996). New Series 14:1 Winter 2002/2003. pp.13-15.
- Dr. Alexander Roman. Saints of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church: New Martyrs and Confessors of the Soviet Yoke. (List of glorified Ukrainian Orthodox New Martyrs and Confessors).
- Russian Orthodox Church (MP). His Holiness Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and all Russia Visits the Tambov Diocese. 28 October, 2002.
- The St.Petersburg Times. City Teacher, Nurse, Actress Gave War a Female Face. Issue #1067 (33), Friday, May 6, 2005.
- Evgueny I. Arinin. Essence of Organic Life In Russian Orthodox and Modern Philosophical Tradition: Beyond Functionalism and Elementarism.
- NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 6161 Vojno-Yasenetsky (1971 TY2). (Main-belt Asteroid 6161, discovered on Oct. 14 1971 by L.I. Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, was named in memory of Valentin Feliksovich Vojno-Yasenetsky (1877-1961), surgeon and bishop)
- V Kogan. Two letters of V.P. Filatov to V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky. In Agapit. January 1996, Issue 4, pp.65-69. (History, 20th Century; Portraits; Religion and Medicine; Ukraine)
YouTube Video in Greek
- Αγιος Λουκάς Κριμαίας μέρος 1ομέρος 2ο
- Στο Ησυχαστήριο της Αδελφότητας των Δανιηλέων στα Κατουνάκια Αγίου Όρους ο Πάτερ Δανιήλ Αγιογραφεί τον Άγιο Λουκά τον Ιατρό Αρχιεπίσκοπο Συμφερουπόλεως και Κριμαίας.
- Veneration of his sacred & holy relics outside Russia - 1 2
- Πατριαρχειον Ιεροσολημων. Η Μ.Κ.Ο. "ΡΩΜΗΟΣΥΝΗ" ΣΥΜΜΕΤΕΧΕΙ ΣΕ ΣΥΝΕΔΡΙΟ ΓΙΑ ΤΟΝ ΑΓΙΟ ΛΟΥΚΑ ΤΟΝ ΙΑΤΡΟ ΣΤΗΝ ΚΥΠΡΟ. 24-10-2008 (Γρηγοριανόν); 11-10-2008 (Ιουλιανόν). jerusalem-patriarchate.info
- Orthodoxologie. Saint Archevêque Luc ( Voino-Yasenetsky) de Simféropol. Dimanche 27 Juillet 2008.
- NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 6161 Vojno-Yasenetsky (1971 TY2).