Holy Synod in Resistance
The Holy Synod in Resistance or True Orthodox Church of Greece, also called the "cyprianites" are a resistance, Old Calendar Synod, which separated from the Church of Greece, regarding the latter as being in error.
In 1979, a schism occurred in the Synod of the so-called "florinites" or Church of Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece (GOC). Metropolitan Callistos of Corinth and Metropolitan Anthony disagreed with the 1974 Declaration by Archbishop Auxentius, which declared that the new-calendar Church of Greece has no grace. Callistos and Anthony ordained eight other bishops, declared Auxentius to be deposed, and registered their Synod as the Church of Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece(GOC, so-called "callistoites"). In 1980, the Synod entered into communion with the Synod of the True (Old Calendar) Orthodox Church of Romania. However, in 1983, the Synod disintegrated. Metropolitan Callistos quit the Synod, Bishop Maximos and two others returned to the florinites and the other bishops joined the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Greece (so-called "gerontiites").
Unlike the other Old Calendar Greek jurisdictions, the Holy Synod in Resistance has a markedly distinct ecclesiology. While opposed to Ecumenism and the New Calendar, the Synod maintains that the 1974 Declaration was an error, and that the Church of Greece and other New Calendar jurisdictions have grace, despite the anathema against the New Calendar issued in the Sigillion of 1583. To support this view, the Synod points to the views expressed by the father of Greek Old-Calendarism, Metropolitan Chrysostomos of Florina.
Since 1994, the Synod has been in full communion with the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia (ROCOR), though relations have cooled recently because of the recent negotiations between ROCOR and the Church of Russia. The Synod also maintains communion with the True (Old Calendar) Orthodox Church of Romania (Synod of Metropolitan Vlasie). In 1993, the Synod ordained, and maintains communion with, Bishop Photii of the True (Old Calendar) Orthodox Church of Bulgaria.
Cyprian, Metropolitan of Oropos and Fili, President of the Holy Synod in Resistance Chrysostomos, Archbishop of Etna (California), Member of the Synod Chrysostomos, Bishop of Sydney and New South Wales, Member of the Synod Michael, Bishop of Nora (Sardinia), Member of the Synod Silvano, Bishop of Luni (Italy), Member of the Synod Chrysostomos, Bishop of Christianoupolis Auxentios, Bishop of Photiki Ambrose, Bishop of Methone Symeon, Bishop of Lakedaimonia Johannes, Bishop of Makarioupolis, Assistant for Missions in Sweden
Parishes and Missions
Clergy and Monastics: Priests: 74; Hieromonks: 17; Married Priests: 57; Deacons: 15; Monks: 43; Nuns: 60.
Dioceses: Metropolis of Oropos and Fili; Archdiocese of Etna (California); Diocese of Sydney and New South Wales; Diocese of Nora (Italy); Diocese of Luni (Italy)
Missions: Austria, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Georgia, South Ossetia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and South Africa
Publication Houses: Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies