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The [[Holy Synod in Resistance]] or [[True Orthodox Church of Greece]], also called the "[[cyprianites]]" are a resistance, Old Calendar Synod, which separated from the [[Church of Greece]], regarding the latter as being in error.
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The '''Orthodox Church of Greece - Holy Synod in Resistance''', also called the '''Cyprianites''', were a resisting, [[Old Calendarists|Old Calendar]] synod which were separate from the New Calendar [[Church of Greece]], regarding the latter as being in error.
  
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
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In 1979, a [[schism]] occurred in the Synod of the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC), or the "Florinites." Metropolitan [[Callistos of Corinth]] and Metropolitan Anthony of Megara had become dissatisfied with the administration of Archbishop Auxentius, who had irregularly received priests from New Calendar jurisdictions with questionable reputations. Callistos and Anthony [[ordination|ordained]] eight other [[bishop]]s, declared Auxentius to be deposed, and registered their synod as the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC, so-called "Kallistiakoi", or Callistites).
  
In 1979, a [[schism]] occurred in the Synod of the so-called "[[florinites]]" or [[Church of Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC). [[Metropolitan Callistos]] of Corinth and Metropolitan Anthony disagreed with the 1974 Declaration by [[Archbishop Auxentius]], which declared that the new-calendar [[Church of Greece]] has no grace. Callistos and Anthony [[ordained]] eight other bishops, declared [[Auxentius]] to be deposed, and registered their Synod as the [[Church of Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]](GOC, so-called "callistoites").
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In 1980, the synod entered into communion with the Synod of the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania]]. However, in 1983 the synod disintegrated. Metropolitan Callistos quit the Synod because of a disagreement on the question of grace in New Calendarist sacraments, Bishop Maximos of Magnesia and two others returned to the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Greece under Archbishop Auxentios. The rest, Matthew of Oinois, Kalliopios of Pentapolis, and Kallinikos of Achaia, returned to the synod in 1985 under the presidency of Metropolitan Gerontios of Peiraeus, after the first removal of Archbishop Auxentios.
In 1980, the Synod entered into communion with the Synod of the [[True (Old Calendar) Orthodox Church of Romania]]. However, in 1983, the Synod disintegrated. [[Metropolitan Callistos]] quit the Synod, Bishop Maximos and two others returned to the [[florinites]] and the other bishops joined the Synod of the [[True Orthodox Church of Greece]] (so-called "[[gerontiites]]").
 
  
Two members of the disintegrated Synod, bishops [[Cyprian of Fili]] and Giovanni of Sicilly organized the [[Holy Synod in Resistance]].
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Two members of the disintegrated synod, Bishops [[Cyprian of Fili]] and Giovanni of Sicily, organized the Holy Synod in Resistance.
  
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== Ecclesiology ==
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Unlike the other [[Old Calendarists|Old Calendarist]] Greek jurisdictions, the Holy Synod in Resistance had a markedly distinct [[ecclesiology]].  While opposed to [[ecumenism]] and the [[New Calendar]], the synod maintained that the 1974 declaration was an error and that the [[Church of Greece]] and other [[New Calendar]] jurisdictions have grace, despite the [[anathema]] against the [[New Calendar]] issued in the [[Sigillion of 1583]]. To support this view, the synod points to the views expressed by the father of Greek Old-Calendarism, Metropolitan [[Chrysostomos of Florina]].
  
== Ecclesiology ==
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==Status==
Unlike the other [[Old Calendar]] Greek jurisdictions, the [[Holy Synod in Resistance]] has a markedly distinct [[ecclesiology]]. While opposed to [[Ecumenism]] and the [[New Calendar]], the Synod maintains that the 1974 Declaration was an error, and that the [[Church of Greece]] and other [[New Calendar]] jurisdictions have grace, despite the [[anathema]] against the [[New Calendar]] issued in the [[Sigillion of 1583]]. To support this view, the Synod points to the views expressed by the father of Greek Old-Calendarism, [[Metropolitan Chrysostomos of Florina]].
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From 1994 to early 2006, the synod was in full communion with the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] (ROCOR), though relations cooled as negotiations took place between ROCOR and the [[Church of Russia]]. In February 2006, the synod severed communion with the ROCOR.  The synod continues to maintain communion with the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania]] (Synod of Metropolitan Vlasie). In 1993, the Synod ordained, and maintains communion with, Bishop Photii of the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Bulgaria]].
 +
 
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On 17 November 2007 the Synod published the [http://ruschurchabroad.com/eng071116.pdf "Memorandum Regarding Principles of Coöperation Between the Greek and Russian Anti-Ecumenists"], which defined its relationship with the self-proclaimed "Provisional Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad" [http://ruschurchabroad.com/engindex.htm] under Bishop [[Agafangel (Pashkovsky) of Odessa|Agafangel]], who had departed from the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia]] over its union with the Moscow Patriarchate.
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==Structure==
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The synod had five [[diocese]]s, including the Metropolis of Oropos and Fili, the Archdiocese of Etna (California), the Diocese of Sydney and New South Wales, the Diocese of Nora (Italy), and the Diocese of Luni (Italy).  There were also missions in Austria, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Georgia, South Ossetia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, [[Uganda]], the United Kingdom and South Africa.
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Serving and praying in the synod's parishes, missions, and monasteries were 74 [[priest]]s (including 17 [[hieromonk]]s and 57 married priests), 15 [[deacon]]s, 43 [[monk]]s and 60 nuns.
  
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There was also one publication house, the [http://www.ctosonline.org Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies].
  
== Status ==
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==Dissolution==
Since 1994, the Synod has been in full communion with the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia ([[ROCOR]]), though relations have cooled recently because of the recent negotiations between ROCOR and the [[Church of Russia]]. The Synod also maintains communion with the [[True (Old Calendar) Orthodox Church of Romania]] (Synod of Metropolitan Vlasie). In 1993, the Synod [[ordained]], and maintains communion with, Bishop Photii of the [[True (Old Calendar) Orthodox Church of Bulgaria]].
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On March 5, 2014, after several years of dialogue, the Synod in Resistance united itself to the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] and formally ceased to exist.<ref>http://www.synodinresistance.org/EAnakIstosEnosis.pdf</ref>
  
== Hierarchs ==
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==External links ==
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=1 Cyprian, Metropolitan of Oropos and Fili, President of the Holy Synod in Resistance]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/ Official Website]
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=3 Chrysostomos, Archbishop of Etna (California), Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.ctosonline.org Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies (Etna, CA)]
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=4 Chrysostomos, Bishop of Sydney and New South Wales, Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.conventofsaintelizabeth.org/ Convent of Saint Elizabeth the New Martyr (Etna, CA)]
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=5 Michael, Bishop of Nora (Sardinia), Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.saintedwardbrotherhood.org/ The Saint Edward Brotherhood (Brookwood, Surrey, UK)]
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=12 Silvano, Bishop of Luni (Italy), Member of the Synod]
 
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=7 Chrysostomos, Bishop of Christianoupolis]
 
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=8 Auxentios, Bishop of Photiki]
 
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=9 Ambrose, Bishop of Methone]
 
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=10 Symeon, Bishop of Lakedaimonia ]
 
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/Dioikisi_en/ierarxiaenb.asp?id=11 Johannes, Bishop of Makarioupolis, Assistant for Missions in Sweden]
 
  
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=== Hierarchs ===
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/CyprianOreon.html Cyprian, Metropolitan of Oropos and Fili, last President of the Holy Synod in Resistance]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/ChrysostomosEtna.html Chrysostomos, Archbishop (now Metropolitan) of Etna (California), Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/ChrysostomosSydney.html Chrysostomos, Bishop of Sydney and New South Wales, Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/MichaelNora.html Michael, Bishop of Nora (Sardinia), Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/SilvanoLuni.html Silvano, Bishop of Luni (Italy), Member of the Synod]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/GeorgeAlania.html George, Bishop of Alania]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/ChrysostomosChristianoupolis.html Chrysostomos, Bishop of Christianoupolis]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/AuxentiosPhotiki.html Auxentios, Bishop of Photiki]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/AmbroseMethoni.html Ambrose, Bishop of Methone]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/JohannesMakarioupolis.html Johannes, Bishop of Makarioupolis, Assistant for Missions in Sweden]
  
== Parishes and Missions ==
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==References==
Clergy and Monastics: Priests: 74; Hieromonks: 17; Married Priests: 57; Deacons: 15; Monks: 43; Nuns: 60.<bR><BR>
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<references />
Dioceses:
 
Metropolis of Oropos and Fili; Archdiocese of Etna (California); Diocese of Sydney and New South Wales; Diocese of Nora (Italy); Diocese of Luni (Italy)<BR><BR>
 
Missions:
 
Austria, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Georgia, South Ossetia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and South Africa<BR><BR>
 
Publication Houses:
 
[http://users.sisqtel.net/sgpm/ctos/ Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies]
 
  
== Links ==
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[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
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[[Category: Schisms]]
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[[Category:Old Calendarist Jurisdictions]]
  
[http://www.synodinresistance.gr/ Official Website]
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[[fr:Église orthodoxe de Grèce - Saint Synode en résistance]]
[http://users.sisqtel.net/sgpm/ctos/ Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies (Etna, CA)]
 
[http://users.sisqtel.net/cse/ Convent of Saint Elizabeth the New Martyr (Etna, CA)]
 

Latest revision as of 15:30, April 7, 2014

The Orthodox Church of Greece - Holy Synod in Resistance, also called the Cyprianites, were a resisting, Old Calendar synod which were separate from the New Calendar Church of Greece, regarding the latter as being in error.


History

In 1979, a schism occurred in the Synod of the Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece (GOC), or the "Florinites." Metropolitan Callistos of Corinth and Metropolitan Anthony of Megara had become dissatisfied with the administration of Archbishop Auxentius, who had irregularly received priests from New Calendar jurisdictions with questionable reputations. Callistos and Anthony ordained eight other bishops, declared Auxentius to be deposed, and registered their synod as the Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece (GOC, so-called "Kallistiakoi", or Callistites).

In 1980, the synod entered into communion with the Synod of the Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania. However, in 1983 the synod disintegrated. Metropolitan Callistos quit the Synod because of a disagreement on the question of grace in New Calendarist sacraments, Bishop Maximos of Magnesia and two others returned to the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Greece under Archbishop Auxentios. The rest, Matthew of Oinois, Kalliopios of Pentapolis, and Kallinikos of Achaia, returned to the synod in 1985 under the presidency of Metropolitan Gerontios of Peiraeus, after the first removal of Archbishop Auxentios.

Two members of the disintegrated synod, Bishops Cyprian of Fili and Giovanni of Sicily, organized the Holy Synod in Resistance.

Ecclesiology

Unlike the other Old Calendarist Greek jurisdictions, the Holy Synod in Resistance had a markedly distinct ecclesiology. While opposed to ecumenism and the New Calendar, the synod maintained that the 1974 declaration was an error and that the Church of Greece and other New Calendar jurisdictions have grace, despite the anathema against the New Calendar issued in the Sigillion of 1583. To support this view, the synod points to the views expressed by the father of Greek Old-Calendarism, Metropolitan Chrysostomos of Florina.

Status

From 1994 to early 2006, the synod was in full communion with the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR), though relations cooled as negotiations took place between ROCOR and the Church of Russia. In February 2006, the synod severed communion with the ROCOR. The synod continues to maintain communion with the Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania (Synod of Metropolitan Vlasie). In 1993, the Synod ordained, and maintains communion with, Bishop Photii of the Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Bulgaria.

On 17 November 2007 the Synod published the "Memorandum Regarding Principles of Coöperation Between the Greek and Russian Anti-Ecumenists", which defined its relationship with the self-proclaimed "Provisional Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad" [1] under Bishop Agafangel, who had departed from the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia over its union with the Moscow Patriarchate.

Structure

The synod had five dioceses, including the Metropolis of Oropos and Fili, the Archdiocese of Etna (California), the Diocese of Sydney and New South Wales, the Diocese of Nora (Italy), and the Diocese of Luni (Italy). There were also missions in Austria, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Georgia, South Ossetia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Uganda, the United Kingdom and South Africa.

Serving and praying in the synod's parishes, missions, and monasteries were 74 priests (including 17 hieromonks and 57 married priests), 15 deacons, 43 monks and 60 nuns.

There was also one publication house, the Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies.

Dissolution

On March 5, 2014, after several years of dialogue, the Synod in Resistance united itself to the Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece and formally ceased to exist.[1]

External links

References