Golgotha (Greek: Κρανιου-τοπος (Kraniou Topos); Latin: Calvariae Locus; Aramaic: Gûlgaltâ - all denoting "place of the skull") is the place where Christ was crucified just outside Jerusalem.
It may have been originally a place of public executions where the skulls of the executed could be seen; or, perhaps the name may have been derived from a neighboring cemetery, or may have been really connected with the shape of the ground, a hill which may have resembled a skull. According to tradition, Golgotha was the burial place of Adam's skull.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre rests on the ground that is venerated by many Christians as Golgotha, the Hill of Calvary, where the New Testament records that Jesus Christ was crucified.
- Calvary at Wikipedia.
- Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984. pp.181
- Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984.