Gabriel (Dožić) of Serbia

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His Holiness Dr. Gavrilo (Dožić) (Serbian: Његова Светост др Гаврило (Дожић)) was Patriarch of Serbia from 1938 to 1950.

Early life

The future patriarch was born in Donja Morača and given the baptismal name Đorđe. He was born in famous Medenica clan. As boy he gon for monastery Morača, wher his uncle Mihailo was igumen. Đorđe graduated from seminary in Prizren in 1901 and then obtained a theology doctorate in Athens in 1904. Next he was tonsured as seminarian and ordained a priest on March 4/17, by Bishop Nikanor of Niš in Sićevac Monastery. Gabriel then became Secretary General of Hilandar Monastery, reporting to the Serbian embassy in Constantinople. He also visited Switzerland and France in order to study French.

Gabriel was elected Metropolitan of Raška and Prizren on December 4/17, 1911. He served this see until 1913, when he was transferred to the see of Peć. After Serbia and Montenegro were ocupied 1915 Metropolitan Gavrilo was taken in concetration camp in Hungary. Gavrilo came back in November 1918. Agile Metropolitan participed in work of Grand National Assembly of Montenegro. This assembly decided that Serbia and Montenegro will unified again, after 500 years He was elected Metropolitan of Montenegro and Coastlands on November 17/30, 1920.


He was elected patriarch on February 21/March 6, 1938. As a new patriarch, he was very successful in resolving problems. His first step was reconciliation between Synod and Governmant. Patr. Gabriel also put much effort into building a campus for students of the Orthodox Theological Faculty of Belgrade University. He continued the building of St. Sava Temple; all Serbian bishops gave large donations to this project. Also, some bishops from the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia and the Church of Bulgaria gave significent donations. He was an outspoken critic of Nazism, so he, together with St. Nikolaj, was arrested. He was first put under house arrest in the monasteries of Rakovacia and Vojlovica, and later in Dachau. After the war he was not permitted to come back until November 14, 1946. He created six new dioceses after the war and put a lot of effort into dealing with the new regime. He died on May 7, 1950. His remains are buried in Belgrade Cathedral Church together with those of Princes Miloš and Mihajlo.

Succession box:
Gabriel (Dožić) of Serbia
Preceded by:
Nikifor (Perović)
Metropolitan of Raška and Prizren
Succeeded by:
Serafim (Jovanović)
Preceded by:
Metropolitan of Peć
Succeeded by:
Jerotej (Gavrilović)
Preceded by:
Mitrofan (Ban)
Metropolitan of Montenegro and Litoral
Succeeded by:
St. Joanikije
Preceded by:
Varnava (Rosić)
Patriarch of Serbia
Succeeded by:
Vikentije (Prodanov)
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