Difference between revisions of "Flavian the Confessor"

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==Life==
 
==Life==
Saint Flavian became Patriarch after the death of holy Patriarch [[Proclus of Constantinople|Proclus]], during a time of various disturbances and [[heresy|heresies]] that threatened the unity of the [[church]].  
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Saint Flavian became Patriarch after the death of holy Patriarch [[Proclus of Constantinople|Proclus]], during a time of various disturbances and [[heresy|heresies]] that threatened the unity of the [[church]].
  
In the year 448, St. Flavian convened a local [[Council]] at Constantinople to examine the heresy of [[Eutyches]], which admitted only one nature (the divine) in the Lord [[Jesus Christ]]. Persisting in his error, the [[heretic]] Eutyches was [[excommunication|excommunicated]] from the Church and deprived of dignity, but Eutyches had a powerful patron in the person of Chrysathios, a eunuch close to the emperor.  
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In the year 448, St. Flavian convened a local [[Council]] at Constantinople to examine the heresy of the [[archimandrite]] [[Eutyches]], who admitted only one nature (the divine) in the Lord [[Jesus Christ]]. Persisting in his error, the [[heretic]] Eutyches was [[excommunication|excommunicated]] from the Church and deprived of dignity. But Eutyches had a powerful patron in the person of Chrysaphios, a eunuch who then served as the chief minister of Emperor [[Theodosius II]]. The scheming eunuch had forced both empresses—the holy [[Pulcheria the Empress|Pulcheria]], sister of the emperor, and Aelia Eudokia, the emperor's wife—to withdraw from the imperial court, leaving himself in unchallenged authority.
  
Through intrigue, Chrysathios brought [[Bishop]] [[Dioscorus of Alexandria]] over to the side of Eutyches, and obtained permission from the emperor to call what was to be called the "[[Robber Council of Ephesus]]." Dioscorus presided at this council, gaining the acquittal of Eutyches and the condemnation of Patriarch Flavian by threats and force. St. Flavian was fiercely beaten up during the sessions of this council by impudent [[monk]]s led by a certain Barsumas.  
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Through intrigue, Chrysaphios brought [[Archbishop]] [[Dioscorus of Alexandria]] over to the side of Eutyches and obtained permission from the emperor to call the council soon to be known as the "[[Robber Council of Ephesus]]." Dioscorus presided at this council, gaining the acquittal of Eutyches and the condemnation of Patriarch Flavian by threats and force. St. Flavian was fiercely beaten during the sessions of this council by impudent [[monk]]s led by a certain Barsauma. Even the impious Dioscorus, took part in these beatings. After this, heavy chains were put upon St. Flavian, and he was sentenced to banishment at [[Ephesus]]. Flavian died shortly afterwards, on [[August 11]], 449, from the injuries he received from this attack. He was buried obscurely.
  
Even the impious president of the Robber Council, the heretic Dioscorus, took part in these beatings. After this heavy chains were put upon St. Flavian, and he was sentenced to banishment at [[Ephesus]]. The council reinstated Eutyches; Flavian died shortly afterwards, on [[August 11]], 449, from the injuries he received from this attack. He was buried obscurely.
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[[Pope]] [[Leo the Great]], whose legates had been ignored at the council, protested and declared its decisions void.
  
The holy [[Pulcheria the Empress|Empress Pulcheria]] withdrew from the imperial court. [[Pope]] [[Leo the Great]], whose legates had been ignored at the council, protested and declared its decisions void.
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Soon the many schemings of Chrysaphios came to light, he fell from power, and the emperor's sister Pulcheria returned to court. The sudden death of Emperor Theodosius on [[July 28]], 450, left Pulcheria in power, along with the her new husband, the emperor [[Marcian]]. Through her efforts, the [[relics]] of holy Patriarch Flavian were reverently transferred from Ephesus to Constantinople. The [[Council of Chalcedon]], called in 451, condemned Eutyches, confirmed Pope Leo's Tome and [[glorification|glorified]] Flavian as a [[martyr]].
 
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Soon the schemings of Chrysathios were revealed. The sudden death of Emperor Theodosius on [[July 28]], 450 returned his sister Pulcheria to imperial power with the new emperor, General [[Marcian]], as her husband. Through her efforts, the [[relics]] of holy Patriarch Flavian were reverently transferred from Ephesus to Constantinople. The [[Council of Chalcedon]], called in 451, condemned Eutyches, confirmed Pope Leo's Tome and [[glorification|glorified]] Flavian as a [[martyr]].
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==External links==
 
==External links==
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[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
 
[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
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[[Category:5th-century saints]]
  
 
[[ro:Flavian Mărturisitorul]]
 
[[ro:Flavian Mărturisitorul]]

Latest revision as of 02:45, February 18, 2016

Our father among the saints, Flavian the Confessor (also Phlabianus) was Patriarch of Constantinople from 446 to 449. He is commemorated by the Church on February 16 and 18.

Life

Saint Flavian became Patriarch after the death of holy Patriarch Proclus, during a time of various disturbances and heresies that threatened the unity of the church.

In the year 448, St. Flavian convened a local Council at Constantinople to examine the heresy of the archimandrite Eutyches, who admitted only one nature (the divine) in the Lord Jesus Christ. Persisting in his error, the heretic Eutyches was excommunicated from the Church and deprived of dignity. But Eutyches had a powerful patron in the person of Chrysaphios, a eunuch who then served as the chief minister of Emperor Theodosius II. The scheming eunuch had forced both empresses—the holy Pulcheria, sister of the emperor, and Aelia Eudokia, the emperor's wife—to withdraw from the imperial court, leaving himself in unchallenged authority.

Through intrigue, Chrysaphios brought Archbishop Dioscorus of Alexandria over to the side of Eutyches and obtained permission from the emperor to call the council soon to be known as the "Robber Council of Ephesus." Dioscorus presided at this council, gaining the acquittal of Eutyches and the condemnation of Patriarch Flavian by threats and force. St. Flavian was fiercely beaten during the sessions of this council by impudent monks led by a certain Barsauma. Even the impious Dioscorus, took part in these beatings. After this, heavy chains were put upon St. Flavian, and he was sentenced to banishment at Ephesus. Flavian died shortly afterwards, on August 11, 449, from the injuries he received from this attack. He was buried obscurely.

Pope Leo the Great, whose legates had been ignored at the council, protested and declared its decisions void.

Soon the many schemings of Chrysaphios came to light, he fell from power, and the emperor's sister Pulcheria returned to court. The sudden death of Emperor Theodosius on July 28, 450, left Pulcheria in power, along with the her new husband, the emperor Marcian. Through her efforts, the relics of holy Patriarch Flavian were reverently transferred from Ephesus to Constantinople. The Council of Chalcedon, called in 451, condemned Eutyches, confirmed Pope Leo's Tome and glorified Flavian as a martyr.

External links


Succession box:
Flavian the Confessor
Preceded by:
Proclus
Patriarch of Constantinople
446–449
Succeeded by:
Anatolius
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