Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris
Metropolitan Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris (also rendered Evlogy, Euloge, and Eulogios) was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox diaspora during the tragic transition brought upon by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
Under his leadership, the Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe was established. During most of his episcopate, he served under the omophorion of the Ecumenical Patriarch. However, because he decided, along with the Metropolia (subsequently the Orthodox Church in America), to pursue autonomy from Moscow independently of the Karlovtsy Synod (ROCOR), his legacy is viewed as good or bad depending upon which jurisdiction is speaking. He was influential in founding the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute (Paris, France), which in turn was formative in the life of the Orthodox Church in America and the founding of St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York). Spiritually, one may count among his descendants Metropolitan Anthony Bloom, Protopresbyters Alexander Schmemann, Georges Florovsky, and John Meyendorff, Saint Mary Skobtsova.
Metropolitan Eulogius was appointed by Patriarch Tikhon in 1921 as the representative of the Patriarchate of Moscow in Western Europe. He sat in with the bishops of Karlovtsy Synod at this time.
In 1927 Eulogius broke with the Karlovtsy Synod and was subsequently condemned by them, splitting the Russian emigrant community in Western Europe. But Metropolitan Eulogius’s feeling was that because he was appointed the Moscow Patriarch to his position, that he and his flock were in the same situation as the refugees of the Karlovtsy Synod.
In 1930, after taking part in a prayer service in London in supplication for Christians suffering under the Soviets, Eulogius was removed from office by Metr. Sergius (Stragorodsky), then locum tenens of the Patriarchate of Moscow and replaced. Most of Eulogius’s parishes remained loyal to him, however, as they were generally against the Soviet government. Eulogius then petitioned Ecumenical Patriarch Photius II to be received under his canonical care and was received in 1931, becoming an exarchate of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
About a year before his death in 1946, the Metropolitan Eulogius returned with all his parishes to the Russian Orthodox Church and again became exarch of the Moscow patriarchate. However, after his death, Metropolitan Seraphin (Loukianov) was appointed the new exarch of the Moscow Patriarchate. A large number of parishes, contesting Archbishop Seraphin, again broke from the mother Church. These parishes have become the current exarchate of the Russian parishes in Western Europe of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.
- The Russian Church Under the Soviet Regime, 1917-1982 - By Dimitry Pospielovsky (1984) SVP ISBN 0881410330
- Quelques mots sur le diocèse de Chersonèse - A few words about the Diocese of Chersonese (French)
Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris
|Bishop of Vilnius
(Moscow Exarchate of Western Europe)
|Archbishop of the
Russian Orthodox Exarchate
in Western Europe
|Metropolitan of Paris
Exarch of Western Europe (Moscow)