|−|[[Image:Dionysius the Areopagite.jpg|right|frame|St. Dionysius the Areopagite]] |+|
the []Dionysius was [[baptism|baptized]] by [[Apostle_Paul|Paul]] in Athensand the [] . [] [].
|−|The holy, glorious and right-victorious [[ Hieromartyr]] '''Dionysius the Areopagite''' (also '''Dionysios''' or '''Denys''') was [[baptism|baptized]] by [[Saint]] [[Apostle_Paul|Paul]] in Athens and is numbered among the Seventy [[ Apostles]]. His [[ feast day]] is celebrated on [[ October 3]]. |+|
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|−|Prior to his baptism, Dionysius grew up in a notable family in Athens, attended philosophical school at home and abroad, was married and had several children, and was a member of the highest court in Greece, the Areopagus. After his [[conversion]] to the True Faith, St. Paul made him [[Bishop]] of Athens. Eventually he left his wife and children for [[Christ]] and went with St. Paul in [[ missionary]] travel. He travelled to Jerusalem specifically to see the Most Holy [[Theotokos]] and writes of his encounter in one of his books. He was also present at her [[ Dormition]]. |+|
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|−|Seeing St. Paul [[martyr]]ed in Rome, St. Dionysius desired to be a martyr as well. He went to Gaul, along with his [[presbyter]] Rusticus and the [[deacon]] Eleutherius, to preach the [ [Gospel]] to the barbarians. There his suffering was equalled only by his success in [[conversion|converting]] many pagans to Christianity. |+|
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|−|In the year 96, St. Dionysius was seized and tortured for Christ, along with Rusticus and Eleutherius, and all three were beheaded under the reign of the Emperor Domitian. St. Dionysius' head rolled a rather long way until it came to the feet of Catula, a Christian. She honorably buried it along with his body. |+|
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|−|Four theological works are attributed to Dionysius: ''The Divine Names'', ''The Mystical Theology'', ''The Celestial Hierarchy'', and ''The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy'', as well as eleven letters. While there were occasional questions raised regarding the true authorship of the Dionysian writings in the Middle Ages, it is Hugo Koch and Josef Stiglmayer's works (1895)<ref>"Proklus als Quelle des Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita in der Lehre von Bösen," by Hugo Koch, ''Philologus'' 54 (1895) 438-54; ''Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita in seinen Beziehungen zum Neuplatonismu und Mysterienweses'' by Hugo Koch (Mainz: 1900); and "Der Neuplatoniker Proklos als Vorlage des sog. Dionysius Areopagita in der Lehre vom Übel," by Josef Stiglmayr, ''Historisches Jahrbuch'' 16 (1895) 253-73 and 721-48. See also Stiglmayr's "Das Aufkommen der Ps.-Dionysischen Schriften und ihr Eindrungen in die christliche Literatur bis zum Lateranconcil 649. Ein zweiter Beitrag zur Dionysius Frage," ''IV Jahresbericht des offentlichen Privatgymnasiums an der Stelle matutina zu Feldkirch'' (Feldkirch: 1895)</ref> that definitively laid to rest the idea of tracing the texts back to the apostolic age. The scholarly consensus now identifies the corpus as the work of a fifth-century Syrian student of the pagan Neoplatonist Proclus.<ref>For more, see, for instance, Andrew Louth, ''Denys the Areopagite'' (ISBN 082645772X), as well as [[ Jaroslav Pelikan]], "The Odyssey of Dionysian Spirituality" in '' Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works'' (ISBN 0809128381)</ref> Pseudo-Dionysius has been accused of "employing Neoplatonic language to elucidate Christian theological and mystical ideas."<ref>[ http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dionysius_the_Areopagite&oldid=221352184 Wikipedia: Dionysius the Areopagite]; cf. also [ http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pseudo-Dionysius_the_Areopagite&oldid=220002373 Wikipedia: Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite]</ref> But, while some recent Orthodox scholars have been critical of the influence of the Dionysian corpus, recent defenders include Igumen [[Alexander Golitzin]] , who sees it as a fully Christian liturgical theology ('' Et introibo ad altare dei: The Mystagogy of Dionysius Areopagita'' [Thessalonika, 1994]), and [[Vladimir Lossky]], who sees the Dionysian interpretation of the unknowability of God as fundamental to any Christian thought and as setting the stage for the work St. [[Gregory Palamas]] (''The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church''). However controversial the texts, their theology was incorporated into the mainstream of Orthodox theology through its adoption by St. [[Maximus the Confessor]] and St. [[John of Damascus]]. |+|
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|−|His ''Letter to Titus'' is quoted by St. John of Damascus in his work ''On the Divine Images'', a defense of [[icon]]s during the [[iconoclast|iconoclastic controveries]]. | |
|−|==Hymns== | |
|−|[[Troparion]] (Tone 4) | |
|−|:Having learned goodness and maintaining continence in all things, | |
|−|:you were arrayed with a good conscience as befits a priest. | |
|−|:From the chosen Vessel you drew ineffable mysteries; | |
|−|:you kept the faith, and finished a course equal to His. | |
|−|:Bishop martyr Dionysius, entreat Christ God that our souls may be saved. | |
|−|[[Kontakion]] (Tone 8) | |
|−|:As a disciple of the apostle caught up to the third heaven, | |
|−|:you spiritually entered the gate of heaven, Dionysius. | |
|−|:You were enriched with understanding of ineffable mysteries | |
|−|:and enlightened those who sat in the darkness of ignorance. | |
|−|:Therefore we cry to you: Rejoice, universal Father! | |
|−|==References== | |
|−|<references /> | |
|−|==Source== | |
|−|*St. [[Nikolai Velimirovic]], ''The [[Prologue of Ohrid]]'' | |
|−|==External links== | |
|−|*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=227 Dionysios the Areopagite] ([[GOARCH]]) | |
|−|*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102843 Hieromartyr Dionysius the Areopagite the Bishop of Athens] ([[OCA]]) | |
|−|*[http://www.ccel.org/d/dionysius Dionysius, the Pseudo-Areopagite (b. c. 500): Mystical theologian] at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library | |
|−|*[http://www.oca.org/QA.asp?ID=117&SID=3 Dionysius the Areopagite] Q & A (OCA) | |
|−|*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/d/cap10.htm An icon of Hieromartyr Dionysius the Areopagite] at "Come and See" Icons, Books & Art | |
|−|[[Category:Bishops]] | |
|−|[[Category:Archbishops of Athens|Dionysius I (52-96)]] | |
|−|[[Category:Church Fathers]] | |
|−|[[Category:Martyrs]] | |
Greek Saints]] |+|
|−|[[Category:Seventy Apostles]] |+|
|−|[[ro:Dionisie Areopagitul]] |+|
In the year 96, St. Dionysius was seized and tortured for Christ, along with Rusticus and Eleutherius, and all three were beheaded under the reign of Dometian. St. Dionysius' head rolled a rather long way until it came to the feet of Catula, a Christian. She honorably buried it along with his body.