Difference between revisions of "Confession"

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===Orthodox Church in America===
===Orthodox Church in America===
*[http://www.oca.org/pages/orth_chri/Orthodox-Faith/Worship/Penance.html Penance] - in ''The Orthodox Faith'' by Fr. Thomas Hopko
*[http://www.oca.org/OCchapter.asp?SID=2&ID=54 Penance] - in ''The Orthodox Faith'' by Fr. Thomas Hopko
===Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (ROCOR)===
===Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (ROCOR)===

Revision as of 19:02, November 8, 2005

This article forms part of the series
Orthodox Spirituality
Holy Mysteries
Baptism - Chrismation
Confession - Eucharist
Marriage - Ordination
Holy Unction
Three Stages
Nepsis - Metanoia
Hesychia - Phronema
Mysticism - Nous
Chastity - Obedience
Stability - Fasting
Poverty - Monasticism
Humility - Generosity
Chastity - Meekness
Temperance - Contentment
Worship - Veneration
Prayer Rule - Jesus Prayer
Relics - Sign of the Cross
Church Fathers
Apostolic Fathers
Desert Fathers
The Philokalia
The Ladder of Divine Ascent
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Historical Development

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Preparing for Confession

Reflection on the Ten Commandments is often recommended as part of an examination of conscience.

See also:

Frequency of Confession


The secrecy of the Mystery of Penance is considered an unquestionable rule in the entire Orthodox Church. Theologically, the need to maintain the secrecy of confession comes from the fact that the priest is only a witness before God. One could not expect a sincere and complete confession if the penitent has doubts regarding the practice of confidentiality. Betrayal of the secrecy of confession will lead to canonical punishment of the priest.
St. Nicodemus the Hagiorite exhorts the Spiritual Father to keep confessions confidential, even under strong constraining influence. The author of the Pedalion (the Rudder), states that a priest who betrays the secrecy of confession is to be deposed. The Metropolitan of Kos, Emanuel, mentions in his handbook (Exomologeteke) for confessors that the secrecy of confession is a principle without exception.
From the Guidelines for Clergy (Orthodox Church in America)

General Confession


  • Confession and Communion - by Protopresbyter Alexander Schmemann (Accepted and Approved by the Holy Synod of Bishops of the Orthodox Church in America, February 17, 1972)
  • Some reflections on Confession - by Protopresbyter Alexander Schmemann (Paper discussed at the Alumni Retreat, St. Andrew’s Camp, June 20-22, 1961)

Jurisdictional Resources

Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese

Greek Orthodox Resources

Orthodox Church in America

  • Penance - in The Orthodox Faith by Fr. Thomas Hopko

Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (ROCOR)

Other Resources

  • Confession with Examination of Conscience and Common Prayers compiled and annotated by Paul N. Harrilchak (Reston, VA: Holy Trinity Church (OCA), 1996) ISBN 0930055012 (cloth) / ISBN 0930055020 (pbk.)

In Literature

Liturgical Texts