Difference between revisions of "Church of Constantinople"

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== Structure of the patriarchate ==
== Structure of the Patriarchate ==
*The [[Archdiocese of Constantinople]]
:''See article on the [[Church of Constantinople Structure]]''
**[[District of Stavrodromion]]
**[[District of Tatavla]]
**[[District of the Bosphorous]]
**[[District of Hypsomatheia]]
**[[District of the Phanar and the Keratius gulf]]
*Sacred Metropolitanates within Turkey
**[[Metropolis of Chalcedon]]
**[[Metropolis of Derkoi]]
**Metropolis of Gokceada and Bozcaada (Imbros and Tenedos)
**[[Metropolis of the Prince Islands]]
*The Semi-autonomous [[Orthodox Archdiocese of Crete|Archdiocese of Crete]]
**Metropolis of Gortyna and Arkadia
**Metropolis of Rethymna and Avlopotamos
**Metropolis of Kydonia and Apokoronos
**Metropolis of Lampi, Syvritos and Sfakia
**Metropolis of Ierapytna and Siteia
**Metropolis of Petra and Herronisos
**Metropolis of Kisamos and Selinos
**Metropolis of Arkalohorion, Kastelio and Vianno
*Five Metropolitanates of the Dodecanese Islands
**Metropolis of Rhodes
**Metropolis of Kos and Nisiros
**Metropolis of Karpathos and Kasos
**Metropolis of Leros, Kalymnos and Astypalaia
**Metropolis of Symi
*[[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America|Archdiocese of America]]
**Direct Archdiocesan District of New York
**Metropolis of Chicago
**Metropolis of New Jersey
**Metropolis of Atlanta
**Metropolis of Denver
**Metropolis of Pittsburgh
**Metropolis of Boston
**Metropolis of Detroit
**Metropolis of San Francisco
*[[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia|Archdiocese of Australia]]
*[[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain|Archdiocese of Great Britain]]
*[[American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese]]
*[[Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA]]
*[[Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada]]
*[[Orthodox Metropolis of Korea|Metropolis of Korea]]
*[[Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Toronto (Canada)|Metropolis of Canada]]
*Metropolis of Buenos Aires
*Metropolis of Mexico
*Metropolis of New Zealand
*[[Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia|Metropolitanate of Hong Kong]]
*[[Greek Orthodox Metropolis of France|Metropolis of France]]
*Metropolis of Germany
*Metropolis of Austria
*Metropolis of Belgium
*Metropolis of Scandinavia
*[[Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Switzerland|Metropolis of Switzerland]]
*Metropolis of Italy
*Metropolis of Spain
*[[Metropolis of Singapore]]
*[[Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America]]
*[[Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe]]
There are 36 Metropolitanates of the "New Lands" of Northern Greece and some of the Aegean Islands which also fall under the spiritual and canonical jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate; however, their administration has been entrusted to the [[Church of Greece]] on behalf of the Ecumenical Patriarchate since 1928.
'''Patriarchal and Stavropegial Monasteries outside of Turkey:'''
*The Monastery of St. John the Evangelist and the [[Patriarchal Exarchate of Patmos]], Greece
*[[Mount Athos]], comprising of 20 large monasteries and their dependencies.
*The [[Monastery of St. Anastasia the Pharmokolitria, Chalkidiki]], Greece.
*The Monastery of Vlatadoes, Thessaloniki, Greece
*The Monastery of the Entry of the Virgin Mary in Alabama, USA
*The Monastery of St. Irene the Chrysovalantou, New York, USA
There are also two [[autonomy|autonomous]] churches whose primates are confirmed by Constantinople, but which are not hierarchically or administratively part of the patriarchate, the [[Church of Finland]], and the [[Church of Estonia]].
==See also==
==See also==

Revision as of 00:55, May 22, 2008

The Church of Constantinople is one of the fourteen or fifteen autocephalous churches, also referred to as the Ecumenical Patriarchate. It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch, who has the status of primus inter pares ("first among equals") among the world's Orthodox bishops. The current Ecumenical Patriarch is His All-Holiness Bartholomew I, Archbishop of Constantinople.

The local churches of the Ecumenical Patriarchate consist of five archdioceses, three churches, thirteen metropolises, and one diocese, each of which reports directly to the Patriarch of Constantinople with no intervening authority. In addition, three of the five archdioceses have internal metropolises (16 in all), which are part of their respective archdioceses rather than distinct administrative entities, unlike the other metropolises.

The entrance to the headquarters of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the Phanar in Constantinople

Peculiar prerogatives of the patriarchate

Main article: Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate

In history and in canonical literature (i.e. the Church's canons and traditional commentaries on them), the Ecumenical Patriarchate has been granted certain prerogatives (presbeia) which other autocephalous Orthodox churches do not have. Not all of these prerogatives are today universally acknowledged, though all do have precedents in history and canonical references. The nature of these prerogatives or even their very existence is hotly contested on canonical grounds by certain other Orthodox churches, particularly the Church of Russia.

The following is a (non-exhaustive) list of these prerogatives and their reference points:

Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
The Church of Constantinople
Founder(s) Apostle Andrew
Autocephaly/Autonomy declared Traditional
Autocephaly/Autonomy recognized Traditional
Current primate Patriarch Bartholomew I
Headquarters Istanbul, Turkey
Primary territory Constantinople, most of Turkey, Mount Athos, Crete, parts of Northern Greece, the Dodecanese
Possessions abroad United States, Canada, Great Britain, Western Europe, South America, Central America, Australia, Southeast Asia
Liturgical language(s) Greek, English
Musical tradition Byzantine Chant
Calendar Revised Julian, Julian
Population estimate 3,500,000
Official website Church of Constantinople

Structure of the Patriarchate

See article on the Church of Constantinople Structure

See also

Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Four Ancient Patriarchates: Constantinople · Alexandria · Antioch · Jerusalem
Russia · Serbia · Romania · Bulgaria · Georgia · Cyprus · Greece · Poland · Albania · Czech Lands and Slovakia · OCA* · Ukraine*
Autonomous Churches
Sinai · Finland · Estonia* · Japan* · China* · Ukraine*
The * designates a church whose autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.

External links