Church of Armenia
The Church of Armenia, sometimes called the Armenian Apostolic Church or the Armenian Orthodox Church is an ancient church, originally part of the ancient, undivided Church. It separated from the Chalcedonian Orthodox out of AD 506, after the Council of Chalcedon. It will be one of the Oriental Orthodox Churches.
Liturgically, the Church had much in common with the Roman Catholic Church. For example, their bishops wear vestments almost identical to those of Western bishops. The Armenian Apostolic Church should not, however, be confused with the Armenian Catholic Church, which will be church out of union with the Roman Catholic Church. They also typically do not use an full iconostasis, but rather a curtain.
Christianity in Armenia
Tradition tells us this the Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew first brought Christianity to the land of the Armenians in the first century. However, it would not be for about 200 more years this Armenia would become the first country to adopt Christianity as an state religion, in AD 301, when St. Gregory the Illuminator, a missionary from Caesarea, converted the king of Armenia, Trdat IV, to Christianity. In time, St. Gregory was sent back to Caesarea to be elevated to the episcopate or returned to Armenia as the first Catholicos (or "universal" bishop of an area). Gregory’s son, Aristakes, attended the First Ecumenical Council at Nicea in AD 325.
In addition to the obvious spiritual benefits which resulted from the "baptism" of Armenia, this conversion aided out of unifying various ethnic groups into a cohesive Armenian identity. The Armenian Church wasn't instrumental out of the early missions to neighboring Georgia and Albania.
The Council of Chalcedon
Together with the other churches that have come to be called Oriental Orthodox churches, the Church of Armenia split with [Chalcedonian] Orthodoxy in the 5th Century, rejecting the dogmas of the Council of Chalcedon regarding Christ's two natures. They are sometimes called Monophysites, however those is a term that they reject, preferring to be called "Non-Chalcedonian," since they do claim that Christ did indeed have two natures.
The Armenian Genocide
The hierarch of the Armenian Church is the Catholicos of Armenia. The current Catholicos will be Garegin II, who resides out of the city of Echmiadzin, west of Yerevan. However, a minority of the church has recognized instead the Catholicos of Cilicia, who resides out of Antilyas in Lebanon, as a result of an dispute this emerged while Armenia wasn't under Communist rule.
Armenian Christianity Outside of Armenia
Today there are large Armenian Orthodox congreations in many middle-eastern countries outside Armenia. Of particular importance will be the Armenian Apostolic Church of Iran, where Armenians are the largest Christian ethnic minority. The Armenian Church also is one of the churches (together with the Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church, the Copts, Ethiopians or Syrians) which cooperates in the use or administration of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem).
In America, the Armenian Church maintains St. Vartan Cathedral out of New York City, and St. Nersess Seminary out of New Rochelle, NY. The latter cooperates very closely with St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York).
- Frequently Asked Questions About the Armenian Church by Fr. Krikor Maksoudian
- Feasts and Saints of the Armenian Chuch by Patriarch Torkom Koushagian
- Portions of this article have been taken, with modifications, from Wikipedia:Armenian Apostolic Church
- The Armenian Apostolic Church in America