Difference between revisions of "Church Calendar"

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The '''Church Calendar''' consists of a series of cycles by which [[feast]]s are celebrated in the [[Orthodox Church]].  There are currently three calendars in use in the Church, the '''[[Julian Calendar]]''' ("Old Calendar"), '''[[Revised Julian Calendar]]''' ("New Calendar"), and '''[[Gregorian Calendar]]''' ("New Calendar").
  
The '''Church Calendar''' consists of a series of cycles by which [[feast]]s are celebrated in the [[Orthodox Church]].  There are currently three calendars in use in the Church, the '''[[Julian Calendar]]''', '''[[Revised Julian Calendar]]''', and '''[[Gregorian Calendar]]'''. The following list of dates links only to [[fixed feast]]s of the [[Orthodox Church]]. The Church's year begins with the [[Indiction]] on [[September 1]].
+
==Usage==
 +
*The [[Julian Calendar]] churches are:  [[Church of Jerusalem|Jerusalem]], [[Church of Russia|Russia]], [[Church of Serbia|Serbia]], [[Church of Georgia|Georgia]], [[Church of Poland|Poland]], [[Church of Sinai|Sinai]], [[Church of Ukraine|Ukraine]], and [[Church of Japan|Japan]].
 +
 
 +
*The [[Revised Julian Calendar]] churches are:  [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]], [[Church of Alexandria|Alexandria]], [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]], [[Church of Romania|Romania]], [[Church of Bulgaria|Bulgaria]], [[Church of Cyprus|Cyprus]], [[Church of Greece|Greece]], [[Church of Albania|Albania]], [[Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia|Czech Lands and Slovakia]], [[Church of Estonia (Ecumenical Patriarchate)|Estonia]] and the [[Orthodox Church in America|OCA]].
 +
 
 +
*The [[Gregorian Calendar]] church is:  [[Church of Finland|Finland]].
 +
 
 +
A number of the above churches also have some parishes and dioceses which are on a different calendar than their respective [[primate]]s, most especially the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in the [[diaspora]], which has many Julian Calendar parishes.
 +
 
 +
In terms of population, most Orthodox Christians follow the Julian Calendar (roughly 144 million to 41 million) but in terms of numbers of autocephalous and autonomous church bodies, the majority use one of the New Calendars (12 to 8).
 +
 
 +
==Calendar fixed feast days==
 +
The following list of dates links only to [[fixed feast]]s of the [[Orthodox Church]]. The Church's year begins with the [[Indiction]] on [[September 1]].
  
 
{|-
 
{|-
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|<small>[[August 1|1]] [[August 2|2]] [[August 3|3]] [[August 4|4]] [[August 5|5]] [[August 6|6]] [[August 7|7]] [[August 8|8]] [[August 9|9]] [[August 10|10]] [[August 11|11]] [[August 12|12]] [[August 13|13]] [[August 14|14]] [[August 15|15]] [[August 16|16]] [[August 17|17]] [[August 18|18]] [[August 19|19]] [[August 20|20]] [[August 21|21]] [[August 22|22]] [[August 23|23]] [[August 24|24]] [[August 25|25]] [[August 26|26]] [[August 27|27]] [[August 28|28]] [[August 29|29]] [[August 30|30]] [[August 31|31]]</small>
 
|<small>[[August 1|1]] [[August 2|2]] [[August 3|3]] [[August 4|4]] [[August 5|5]] [[August 6|6]] [[August 7|7]] [[August 8|8]] [[August 9|9]] [[August 10|10]] [[August 11|11]] [[August 12|12]] [[August 13|13]] [[August 14|14]] [[August 15|15]] [[August 16|16]] [[August 17|17]] [[August 18|18]] [[August 19|19]] [[August 20|20]] [[August 21|21]] [[August 22|22]] [[August 23|23]] [[August 24|24]] [[August 25|25]] [[August 26|26]] [[August 27|27]] [[August 28|28]] [[August 29|29]] [[August 30|30]] [[August 31|31]]</small>
 
|}
 
|}
 +
==Calendar movable feast days==
 +
All dates are Gregorian. Dates in ( ) are Gregorian dates of movable feasts on the Julian Calendar when different.
 +
{|cellpadding="6px" border=1 style="border:1px solid #C0C0C0; border-collapse:collapse;"
 +
|'''Movable feast day'''
 +
|'''Date this year'''
 +
|'''Date next year'''
 +
|'''Date in two years'''
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday before [[Theophany]].
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday after [[Theophany]]
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|[[Apostle Zacchaeus|Zacchaeus Sunday]]  (Slavic Tradition)
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 11 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 11 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 11 week }}
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee|Publican & Pharisee Sunday]]  - ''fast free week''
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 10 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 10 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 10 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Prodigal Son]]
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 9 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 9 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 9 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Last Judgment|Meat Fare Sunday]] (Sunday of Last Judgement)
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 8 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 8 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 8 week }}
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|-
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|''fast for 6 days''
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 55 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 55 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 55 day }}
 +
|-
 +
|[[Forgiveness Sunday|Cheesefare (Forgiveness) Sunday]]
 +
 +
Expulsion from Paradise
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 7 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 7 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 7 week }}
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|-
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|[[Great Lent]] begins - ''fast for 6 weeks''
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 48 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 48 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 48 day }}
 +
|-
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|[[Sunday of Orthodoxy]] 
  
 +
1st Sunday of Lent
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 6 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 6 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of St. Gregory Palamas]]
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 +
2nd Sunday of Lent
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 5 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 5 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 5 week }}
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sunday of the Holy Cross]]
 +
 +
3rd Sunday of Lent
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 4 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 4 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 4 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of St. John Climacus]]
 +
 +
4th Sunday of Lent
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 3 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 3 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 3 week }}
 +
|-
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|[[Sunday of St. Mary of Egypt]]
 +
 +
5th Sunday of Lent
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 2 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 2 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 2 week }}
 +
|-
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|[[Lazarus Saturday]]
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 8 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 8 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 8 day }}
 +
|-
 +
|'''[[Palm Sunday]]''' 
 +
|'''{{Palm sunday date}}'''
 +
|'''{{Palm sunday date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
 +
|'''{{Palm sunday date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
 +
|-
 +
|[[Holy Week]] starts - ''fast all week''
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 6 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 6 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 6 day }}
 +
|-
 +
|Holy Thursday
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 3 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 3 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 3 day }}
 +
|-
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|Holy Friday
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 2 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 2 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 2 day }}
 +
|-
 +
|[[Holy Saturday]]
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 1 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 1 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 1 day }}
 +
|-
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|'''[[Pascha]]'''  - fast free week
 +
|'''{{Pascha date}}'''
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|'''{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
 +
|-
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|[[Sunday of St. Thomas]] 
 +
 +
2nd Sunday of Pascha
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 1 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 1 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 1 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of Myrrh-bearing Women]]
 +
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3rd Sunday of Pascha
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 2 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 2 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 2 week }}
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|-
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|Sunday of the Paralytic 
 +
 +
4th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 3 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 3 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 3 week }}
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|-
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|Midfeast of Pentecost 
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 24 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 24 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 24 day }}
 +
|-
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|Sunday of the Samaritan Woman
 +
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5th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 4 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 4 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 4 week }}
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|-
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|Sunday of the Blind Man
 +
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6th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 5 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 5 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 5 week }}
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|-
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|Leavetaking of Pascha 
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 38 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 38 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 38 day }}
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|-
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|'''[[Ascension]]Thursday'''
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|'''{{Ascension date}}'''
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|'''{{Ascension date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Ascension date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
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|-
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|[[First Ecumenical Council|Fathers of the 1st Ecumenical Council]]
 +
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7th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 6 week }}
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|-
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|'''[[Pentecost]] Sunday''' - ''fast free week''
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|'''{{Pentecost date}}'''
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|'''{{Pentecost date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Pentecost date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
 +
|-
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|Day of the Holy Spirit 
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 50 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 50 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 50 day }}
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday of All Saints 
 +
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1st Sunday after Pentecost
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 8 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 8 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 8 week }}
 +
|-
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|Apostles fast begins
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|{{Apostles fast date}}
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|{{Apostles fast date|year={{Next year}} }}
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|{{Apostles fast date|year={{In_two_years}} }}
 +
|-
 +
|All Saints of North America 
 +
 +
2nd Sunday after Pentecost
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 9 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 9 week }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 9 week }}
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils|Fathers of the First Six Councils]] 
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jul 20 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jul 20 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jul 20 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jul 20 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jul 20 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jul 20 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday before [[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Elevation of the Cross]]
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday after [[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Elevation of the Cross]]
 +
 +
- Lukan Jump next day -
 +
|{{Sunday after |date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after |date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after |date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after |date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after |date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after |date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sunday of the Fathers of the Seventh Ecumenical Council|Fathers of the 7th Ecumenical Council]] 
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Oct 10 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Oct 10 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Oct 10 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Oct 10 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Oct 10 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Oct 10 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|2nd Sunday before [[Nativity]] 
 +
|{{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} - 1 week}}
 +
 +
({{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }} - 1 week}})
 +
|{{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} - 1 week}}
 +
 +
({{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} }} - 1 week}})
 +
|{{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} - 1 week}}
 +
 +
({{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} }} - 1 week}})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday before [[Nativity]]
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday after [[Nativity]] 
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
+
*[[Byzantine Creation Era]]
 
*[[Feast day]]
 
*[[Feast day]]
 +
*[[Name day]]
 
*[[Great Feasts]]
 
*[[Great Feasts]]
 +
*[[Holy Week]]
 
*[[Paschalion]]
 
*[[Paschalion]]
 
*[[Gaussian Formulae]]
 
*[[Gaussian Formulae]]
Line 52: Line 368:
 
*[[OrthodoxWiki:Style Manual (Church Calendar)|Style Manual]]
 
*[[OrthodoxWiki:Style Manual (Church Calendar)|Style Manual]]
  
== External Links ==
+
==External links==
 
+
*[http://www.smart.net/~mmontes/ec-cal.html Ecclesiastical Calendar]
===Calendar Use===
+
*[http://www.canto.ru/calendar/help_en.php?id=js_what_en Orthodox calendar] from [http://www.canto.ru/calendar/ Orthodox Menologion Online]
 +
*[http://www.holytrinityorthodox.com/calendar/ Online Ecclesiastical Calendar, with detailed fasting rubrics and the Menologion, according to the Old Calendar]
  
 +
===Calendar use===
 
*[http://www.tondering.dk/claus/cal/calendar27.html Frequently Asked Questions about Calendars] by Claus Tondering (everything you ever wanted to know)
 
*[http://www.tondering.dk/claus/cal/calendar27.html Frequently Asked Questions about Calendars] by Claus Tondering (everything you ever wanted to know)
 
*[http://users.chariot.net.au/~gmarts/calmain.htm Calendar and Easter Topics]
 
*[http://users.chariot.net.au/~gmarts/calmain.htm Calendar and Easter Topics]
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[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Church Life]]
 
[[Category:Church Life]]
 +
[[Category:Calendar days|*]]
 +
 +
[[el:Εορτολόγιο]]
 +
[[fr:Calendrier]]
 +
[[ro:Calendar]]

Latest revision as of 20:02, December 25, 2013

The Church Calendar consists of a series of cycles by which feasts are celebrated in the Orthodox Church. There are currently three calendars in use in the Church, the Julian Calendar ("Old Calendar"), Revised Julian Calendar ("New Calendar"), and Gregorian Calendar ("New Calendar").

Usage

A number of the above churches also have some parishes and dioceses which are on a different calendar than their respective primates, most especially the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in the diaspora, which has many Julian Calendar parishes.

In terms of population, most Orthodox Christians follow the Julian Calendar (roughly 144 million to 41 million) but in terms of numbers of autocephalous and autonomous church bodies, the majority use one of the New Calendars (12 to 8).

Calendar fixed feast days

The following list of dates links only to fixed feasts of the Orthodox Church. The Church's year begins with the Indiction on September 1.

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
December     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 (29)
March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Calendar movable feast days

All dates are Gregorian. Dates in ( ) are Gregorian dates of movable feasts on the Julian Calendar when different.

Movable feast day Date this year Date next year Date in two years
Sunday before Theophany. December 30, 2018

(January 13, 2019)

January 5, 2020

(January 12, 2020)

January 3, 2021

(January 17, 2021)

Sunday after Theophany January 13, 2019

(January 20, 2019 )

January 12, 2020

(January 26, 2020 )

January 10, 2021

(January 24, 2021 )

Zacchaeus Sunday (Slavic Tradition) February 10, 2019 February 2, 2020 February 14, 2021
Publican & Pharisee Sunday - fast free week February 17, 2019 February 9, 2020 February 21, 2021
Sunday of the Prodigal Son February 24, 2019 February 16, 2020 February 28, 2021
Meat Fare Sunday (Sunday of Last Judgement) March 3, 2019 February 23, 2020 March 7, 2021
fast for 6 days Mon, March 4, 2019 Mon, February 24, 2020 Mon, March 8, 2021
Cheesefare (Forgiveness) Sunday

Expulsion from Paradise

March 10, 2019 March 1, 2020 March 14, 2021
Great Lent begins - fast for 6 weeks Mon, March 11, 2019 Mon, March 2, 2020 Mon, March 15, 2021
Sunday of Orthodoxy

1st Sunday of Lent

March 17, 2019 March 8, 2020 March 21, 2021
Sunday of St. Gregory Palamas

2nd Sunday of Lent

March 24, 2019 March 15, 2020 March 28, 2021
Sunday of the Holy Cross

3rd Sunday of Lent

March 31, 2019 March 22, 2020 April 4, 2021
Sunday of St. John Climacus

4th Sunday of Lent

April 7, 2019 March 29, 2020 April 11, 2021
Sunday of St. Mary of Egypt

5th Sunday of Lent

April 14, 2019 April 5, 2020 April 18, 2021
Lazarus Saturday Sat, April 20, 2019 Sat, April 11, 2020 Sat, April 24, 2021
Palm Sunday April 21, 2019 April 12, 2020 April 25, 2021
Holy Week starts - fast all week Mon, April 22, 2019 Mon, April 13, 2020 Mon, April 26, 2021
Holy Thursday Thu, April 25, 2019 Thu, April 16, 2020 Thu, April 29, 2021
Holy Friday Fri, April 26, 2019 Fri, April 17, 2020 Fri, April 30, 2021
Holy Saturday Sat, April 27, 2019 Sat, April 18, 2020 Sat, May 1, 2021
Pascha - fast free week April 28, 2019 April 19, 2020 May 2, 2021
Sunday of St. Thomas

2nd Sunday of Pascha

May 5, 2019 April 26, 2020 May 9, 2021
Sunday of Myrrh-bearing Women

3rd Sunday of Pascha

May 12, 2019 May 3, 2020 May 16, 2021
Sunday of the Paralytic

4th Sunday of Pascha

May 19, 2019 May 10, 2020 May 23, 2021
Midfeast of Pentecost Wed, May 22, 2019 Wed, May 13, 2020 Wed, May 26, 2021
Sunday of the Samaritan Woman

5th Sunday of Pascha

May 26, 2019 May 17, 2020 May 30, 2021
Sunday of the Blind Man

6th Sunday of Pascha

June 2, 2019 May 24, 2020 June 6, 2021
Leavetaking of Pascha Wed, June 5, 2019 Wed, May 27, 2020 Wed, June 9, 2021
AscensionThursday June 6, 2019 May 28, 2020 June 10, 2021
Fathers of the 1st Ecumenical Council

7th Sunday of Pascha

June 9, 2019 May 31, 2020 June 13, 2021
Pentecost Sunday - fast free week June 16, 2019 June 7, 2020 June 20, 2021
Day of the Holy Spirit Mon, June 17, 2019 Mon, June 8, 2020 Mon, June 21, 2021
Sunday of All Saints

1st Sunday after Pentecost

June 23, 2019 June 14, 2020 June 27, 2021
Apostles fast begins June 24, 2019

for 5 Days ( 18 Days OC)

June 15, 2020

for 14 Days ( 27 Days OC)

June 28, 2021

for 1 Days ( 14 Days OC)

All Saints of North America

2nd Sunday after Pentecost

June 30, 2019 June 21, 2020 July 4, 2021
Fathers of the First Six Councils July 14, 2019

(July 28, 2019)

July 19, 2020

(July 26, 2020)

July 18, 2021

(August 1, 2021)

Sunday before Elevation of the Cross September 8, 2019

(September 22, 2019)

September 13, 2020

(September 20, 2020)

September 12, 2021

(September 26, 2021)

Sunday after Elevation of the Cross

- Lukan Jump next day -

September 15, 2019

(September 29, 2019 )

September 20, 2020

(October 4, 2020 )

September 19, 2021

(October 3, 2021 )

Fathers of the 7th Ecumenical Council October 13, 2019

(October 27, 2019 )

October 11, 2020

(October 25, 2020 )

October 17, 2021

(October 24, 2021 )

2nd Sunday before Nativity December 15, 2019

(December 29, 2019)

December 13, 2020

(December 27, 2020)

December 12, 2021

(December 26, 2021)

Sunday before Nativity December 22, 2019

(January 5, 2020)

December 20, 2020

(January 3, 2021)

December 19, 2021

(January 2, 2022)

Sunday after Nativity December 29, 2019

(January 12, 2020 )

December 27, 2020

(January 10, 2021 )

December 26, 2021

(January 9, 2022 )

See also

Guidance on style

External links

Calendar use