Book of Judges
|This article forms part of the series on the |
The Old Testament - Septuagint
| or simply "LXX", the Koine Greek version|
of the Hebrew Bible.
|Pentateuch or "the Law"|
| 1.Genesis | 2.Exodus | 3.Leviticus | 4.Numbers | 5.Deuteronomy |
| 6.Joshua | 7.Judges | 8.Ruth |
9.I Kingdoms | 10.II Kingdoms | 11.III Kingdoms | 12.IV Kingdoms
|Books of Wisdom|
| 24.Book of Psalms | 25.Job | 26.Proverbs |
27.Ecclesiastes | 28.Song of Solomon
29.Wisdom of Solomon | 30.Wisdom of Sirach
| The Minor Prophets, or "The Twelve" |
| The Major Prophets |
| IV Maccabees |
The Book of Judges, is the first of the twelve Historical books and the sixth book from the Old Testament. The English title, Joshua, comes from the Hebrew Yeshua and the the Greek Iesous, meaning "the Lord is salvation". Joshua's original name was Hoshea but Moses changed this name to Joshua (Book of Numbers 13:16). This change was prophetic, for it made Joshua a type of Jesus Christ.
Authorship and writing
Traditionally believed to be Samuel. Judges (meaning "rulers") was written in Palestine, during his early ministry, three centuries after the entry of the tribes of Israel into Canaan under Joshua. It covers the events of those centuries.
The book is named for the thirteen judges of Israel: twelve raised up by God, one a usurper.
God's continual deliverance of a people that had forgotten Him and the Law.
The Israelites had been settled for nearly three hundred years in Canaan. This time coincides with the beginning of the Iron Age in the Middle East. The Israelites began their apostasy after the death of Joshua. They did not drive out the Canaanites as God had commanded them to do through Moses. Instead, they intermarried with their pagan neighbors and began worshipping Baal.
The judges were to bring deliverance, protection and military leadership; to settle differences, judge lawsuits, and administer justice. Israel was a theocracy; the judges were not kings but deputies of God sent to save the people from seven different apostasies. The office was not continual; rather, judges were raised up as oppressive circumstances required.
- Failure to complete the Canaanite Conquest (1:1-3:6)
- Oppression and Deliverance: Judges vs. the Nations (3:7-16:31)
- Religious and Moral disorder (17:1-18:31)
- The War Against Benjamin (19:1-21:25)