Bishop of San Francisco
In North America, one of the most important and major Sees in the Orthodox Church belongs to the Bishop of San Francisco. Up until the 1920s, only one see with this title existed. When communism came to power in Russia, the Orthodox Church in the Americas was left to fend for itself. To further complicate things, the Metropolia, later the OCA' and ROCOR broke into two jurisdictions in America and the diocese in San Francisco was divided into two amongst the Russians.
Bishops of San Francisco
Recognised as such by the OCA, the ROCOR and the Patriarchate of Moscow.
- Bp. John (Mitropolsky) 1870-1876 Transferred the Cathedra from Sitka to San Francisco in 1872, unnofficial)
- Bp. Nestor (Zakkis) 1879 - 1882 (In his time the Holy Synod in St. Petersburg officially recognizes the move to San Francisco, thus, Bp. Nestor was the first "Bishop of San Francisco" He died at sea whilst sailing to Alaska from San Francisco. His body was found at the mouth of the Yukon river and was buried at Unalaska.)
- Abp. Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov) 1888-1891 (Received St. Alexis Toth into Orthodoxy, translated and served in English at the Cathdral in San Francisco)
- Bp. Nicholas (Ziorov) (1891- 1898)
- St. Tikhon (Belavin) of Moscow (1898- 1907) American Cathedra transferred from San Francisco to New York. American Archdiocese given to auxiliaries, Bp. Innocent for Alaska and St. Raphael Hawaweeny for the Syrians.
- Archbishop Apollinary (Koshevoy) of San Francisco (1926-33) In 1927, the diocese (and the Russian Church in America) would split in two, he was at that time expelled from the Holy Trinity Cathedral on Green Street in San Francisco. He and half of the community of Holy Trinity started a seperate parish, which would later become Holy Virgin Cathdral (ROCOR) on Geary.
The ROCOR Bishop of San Francisco
- Archbishop Apollinary (Koshevoy) of San Francisco (1926-33)
- Abp. Tikhon (Troitsky) (1934-1962)
- St. John Maximovitch (1962-1966)
- Bp. Nektary (Kontzevitch) Administrator of the diocese in San Francisco, 1966-1968
- Abp. Anthony (Medvedev) (1968-2000)
- Abp. Kyrill (Dmitrieff) of San Francisco (2000 - present)
The OCA bishop of San Francisco
In 1922, a Sobor was held that ultimately decided on autonomy for the American Archdiocese. In 1927, due to large protests for and against the Metropolia's decision, the diocese (and the Russian church in America) was divided in two, along those loyal to the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and those loyal to what would later become the OCA.
- Abp. Alexis (Panteleev) (1927-1931)
- Metr. Theophilus (Pashkovsky) (1931 - 1950) (He was made Archbishop of San Francisco from 1931 until his repose in 1950 in SF.
- Abp. John (Shahovskoy) (1950-1973, 1975-1979).
- Metr. Vladimir (Nagosky) of Tokyo and San Francisco Administrator of the diocese, 1974-1975
- Bp. Basil (Rodzianko) (1980-1984).
- Bp. Tikhon (Fitzgerald) (1987-2007).
- Bp. Benjamin (Peterson) (2007 - present)
Ecumenical Patriarchate - Diocese of San Francisco
The initial Charter of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America provided for diocesan sees in New York, Boston, Chicago, and San Francisco. A new charter issued in 1930 abolished these dioceses; however, an auxiliary bishop continued to reside in San Francisco and oversaw the western parishes of the Archdiocese until the reestablishment of the Diocese in 1979. In 2002, the Greek Orthodox Diocese of San Francisco was elevated to the rank of Metropolis.
- Bp. Kallistos (Papageorgapoulos) of San Francisco (1927-1940)
- Bp. Eirinaios (Tsourounakis of San Francisco) (1941-1944)
- Bp. Athenagoras (Kokkinakis) of Eleia (1950-1955)
- Bp. Demetrios (Makris) of Olympos (1955-1960)
- Bp. Meletios (Tripodakis) of Christianopoulls (1960-1978)
- Met. Anthony (Gergiannakis) of San Francisco (1978-2004)
- Met. Gerasimos (Michaleas) of San Francisco (2005-present)